Teachers are the primary source of referrals for special services; however a child's parent or doctor could make a referral. According to Truth in Labeling, they report that 73 - 90% of the teacher referrals are due to academic problems. (Truth in labeling: 2007) In 2010, 53.9 million school-age children (aged 5-17) in America with 2.8 million (5.2%) reported to have a disability. (Brault, 2011) Of the children who receive special education services statistics have shown the averages for students of color are higher than those of white students. Among the many variables: over-referrals, racial bias, p...
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...e of the overrepresentation and with continued research and improved instructional strategies, the gap can be reduced.
Brault, M. (2011, November). American Community Service Briefs. Retrieved from School-Aged Children with disabilities in U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas: 2010: http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/acsbr10-12.pdf (Brault, 2011)
Building the legacy: IDEA 2004. (n.d.). Retrieved from US Department of Education: http://idea.ed.gov
Gollnick, D. M., & Chinn, P. C. (2009). Multicultural education in apluralistic society. Columbus, OH: Prentice Hall.
Special education law IDEA . (n.d.). Retrieved from Understaning Special Education: http://www.understandingspecialeducation.com/special-education-law.html
Truth in labeling: Disproportionality in special education. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Education Association: www.nea.org/books
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