Spanish Encomienda versus Japanese Feudal Systems

Spanish Encomienda versus Japanese Feudal Systems

Length: 533 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Because they were on the completely opposite sides of the globe, the Spanish Encomienda system and the Japanese Feudalist system were remarkably different. Two differences were that the Japanese Feudalist system had one person at the top, in sharp contrast with the Spanish Encomienda which had a group of people at the top and another was that the Spanish Encomienda system divided its society by ethnicity, not simply by power as did the Japanese. One parallel between the two hierarchies was that foreigners were placed at the bottom of the hierarchy in both Japanese and Spanish societies. Because the Japanese and Spanish societies had almost no contact with one another due to the geographical distance between the two, they are for the most part, completely different apart from a few nuances.
One of the differences that stands out the most between these two systems is the method of division. Japanese feudalism is divided based on power whereas the Encomienda system is divided based on race. For example, the reason the Japanese shoguns were above the peasants and the craftsmen because they wielded more power and had more responsibility given to them by the Japanese emperor. However, in the Encomienda system, the peninsulares or those born in the Iberian peninsula were above the mulattoes, the mestizos, and the creoles simply because they were from the mother-land, Spain. The peninsulares and the creoles, or descendants of the Spanish, were the owners of the money generators such as sugar mills in the Hispaniola and the silver mines located in the Petosi Mountains in modern day Peru. The labor was provided by the lower two ethnicities known as the mestizos and the mulattos. Mestizos were of mixed heritage between Spanish and the Native American and the mulattos were a combination of African and Native American. This was done with the intention of having a clear cut line between those who work and those who manage.
Another difference is the amount of people at the top of the hierarchies. In Japanese Feudalism, there was one person at the top, the Japanese emperor. In the Encomienda system, there was a certain ethnicity, the peninsulares, at the apex of the social pyramid. This is an indication of how politics were in both societies. From the fact that there was one ruler at the top of the Japanese feudalist system, there is a higher probability of absolutism than compared to the Encomienda system where it was more likely that there was local power shared between the peninsulares.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Spanish Encomienda versus Japanese Feudal Systems." 14 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Spanish Missionaries Served As Conquerors For The Spanish Empire Essay

- Spanish missionaries served as conquerors for the Spanish empire because they overpowered the natives through their brute force and superior technology to expand their empire territorially as well as increase their faith. The Spanish had one and only objective: to control the new world and take from it whatever number wealth as could be allowed with a distinctly less vital objective was to christianize the natives. The Spanish had various innovative preferences which permitted them to rapidly overpower the natives, despite the fact that the natives were prevalent in number....   [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Research Papers
714 words (2 pages)

Spanish Colonization And The New World Essay example

- Starting in 1492 with Columbus and continuing for 350 years, Spain settled and conquered almost all of South America, the American Southwest, and the Caribbean. The Spanish empire grew to be the largest European empire since ancient Rome, and it used the wealth that it obtained from the Americas to support nearly endless warfare in Europe, which protected the Americas with a large navy and a very powerful army and brought Catholicism to the New World. At this time, Spain saw the New World as unruly and uncivilized because most of the people there were pagan....   [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Research Papers
1257 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Encomienda to Hacienda and Latifundio in Latin America

- Encomienda to Hacienda and Latifundio in Latin America The encomienda system developed in the Antilles (the islands of the West Indies except the Bahamas) when the group of settlers Columbus brought with him on his second voyage to the New World were, essentially, unwilling to work (Vigil 218). They solved this problem through forced Indian labor. Queen Isabella I of Spain considered the native people "free crown vassals" (Vigil 218) and instructed Governor Nicolas de Ovando, Comendador Mayor of the military order Alcantara, to inform the Indians that they had to pay tribute to the crown equal to the other subjects....   [tags: Latin American History Essays]

Research Papers
1014 words (2.9 pages)

Spanish Labor Systems Essay

- In the US it is very common to still hear of the poor way African Americans were treated in the early part of this nations History. We hear stories of black slaves working 18 hour days picking cotton and the trauma of slaves being beaten for disobeying their masters. For many African American families, it seems, that was the way of life not long ago. While it is very important to realize what these African Americans went through, I think it is often forgotten that indigenous people of Latin America were exploited in similar ways but through different Labor Systems....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
2172 words (6.2 pages)

Essay on The Mexican Spanish Of The United States

- Miami was a melting pot and I just blended in or at least I thought I did. I mean I looked like many of the people there but then there was always that one thing that made me stand out. “You sound so American!” one girl said. Well, that was something I had never heard before. Apparently there was some sort of secret code. People could tell where you were from just by the way you talked. American. American. How does one even sound American. I was shocked by such a claim but slightly embarrassed as well....   [tags: Spanish language, Hispanic and Latino Americans]

Research Papers
1219 words (3.5 pages)

Japanese Earthquake Aftermath Essay

- Introduction Words simply cannot appropriately depict the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami that devastated Japan on March 11, 2011. Japan is a developed country with the third largest economy in the world, behind the United States and China. The northeast border of Japan encountered an overwhelming natural disaster in the form of an earthquake that also created a massive tsunami and many strong aftershocks, which has affected Japan domestically and internationally. The aftershocks continually delayed recovery and have increased difficulty for search and rescue teams combing the disaster area for the deceased and wounded....   [tags: Japanese Earthquake]

Research Papers
1925 words (5.5 pages)

Essay about Spanish Civil War

- The Spanish Civil War began in July of 1936, and ended in April 1939. Spain of the early 1930s was a deeply divided nation. There were two main factions in Spain- those of the left, and those on the right. Contrary to the political system in the United States, on the left were the Republicans (also called Loyalists) and on the right were the Nationalists. The Republicans were a conglomerate of many groups that banded together over the main thing they had in common—their opposition to fascism. This group consisted of Communists, monarchists, socialists, anarchists, and many of the common people (such as peasants and factory workers)....   [tags: World History, Spanish Hostiry, Spaniards]

Research Papers
1466 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Importance Of Learning Spanish

- As we approach the 21st century and as the idea of a "global village" is fast becoming a reality, it is vital that we enlarge our worldview and reach an understanding of, and appreciation for, the cultures of the other peoples who share the planet with us. As cultural beings, we are raised with an certain way of giving order to the world around us. Very soon, these "cultural filters," which allow us to make sense of reality and shape it, become fixed, invisible and unconscious; they are part of our worldview which - as unique as we might think it is - rests on the shared values of a particular linguistic community....   [tags: Learning Spanish]

Free Essays
599 words (1.7 pages)

Japanese Internment Essay

- Japanese Internment The 1940’s was a turning point for American citizens because World War II was taking place during this time. Not only was America at odds with other countries, but also within its self. America is a huge melting pot full of diverse cultures and people from all nations. People travel from all over the world to the United States of America. These people had one goal in mind, a life of freedom and equal opportunity; or so they thought. The Japanese first began to immigrate to America in the 1860's in Hawaii....   [tags: Internment Japanese Americans History Essays]

Research Papers
3622 words (10.3 pages)

Japanese Art Essay

- Japanese Art Japan’s Art, although sometimes over looked has evolved through many different periods. Its simplest forms in the Archaic period and last on its more complex period the Ego Period. Even though some skeptics believe that Japanese art can not compare to the art of the Greeks or Romans. Japanese Art yet simple is refreshing and has left Japan with wonderful shrines, paintings and traditions. The periods of Japanese art are the Archaic, Ask, Heian, Kamakura, Askikaga and the Ego periods....   [tags: Japan Artistic Arts Japanese Essays]

Research Papers
805 words (2.3 pages)

Of course, the local powers in the Encomienda system all answered to the crown in Spain. The Encomienda systems were scrutinized for power abuses by Viceroys who were kept in check by the Audencias and ultimately the Spanish crown.
One similarity between the two societies is the placement of foreigners. In neither societies were foreigners placed in the higher parts of the society. The entire point of the Encomienda system was basically to separate the foreigners and the peninsulares, the pure Spanish. The Spanish needed a source of labor to use in their Petose mines that would be economically inexpensive and relatively easy to replenish. Their solution to that was the use of foreigners. In the Japanese Feudalistic society, foreigners were rarely one of the daiymos or even one of the shoguns. The foreigners were seen as inferior by ethnocentric Japan and were put down into the bottom level, the peasants.
Although at first glance, it may seem like there are some similarities between the Encomienda system and the Feudalistic society of Japan, the reality is that the two forms of society are completely different. The differences were aspects such as method of division and the form of leadership.

Return to