Spanish Colonization And The New World Essay example

Spanish Colonization And The New World Essay example

Length: 1257 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Starting in 1492 with Columbus and continuing for 350 years, Spain settled and conquered almost all of South America, the American Southwest, and the Caribbean. The Spanish empire grew to be the largest European empire since ancient Rome, and it used the wealth that it obtained from the Americas to support nearly endless warfare in Europe, which protected the Americas with a large navy and a very powerful army and brought Catholicism to the New World. At this time, Spain saw the New World as unruly and uncivilized because most of the people there were pagan. The Spanish, being strictly Catholic, believed they had the right to conquer and colonize the New World to convert the Natives. They went on with the belief that saving souls was worth destroying bodies, and they used this to justify many of their actions—including the murder of a lot of the Natives—in the New World.
There were many aspects of Spanish Colonization that impacted the tradition and culture of that time period. Some of the most important of these aspects were the economy and different wars that waged through the colonization. All through the Spanish colonial period, the economy was based mainly on abuse and exploitation, both of Indian labor and of land. The first Spanish settlers structured the encomienda system by which Spaniards were given ownership of American land and of the villages on that land. In exchange for the conversion of the Indians to Christianity, the Spanish were allowed to take the land and labor and use it any way they saw fit. This system practically turned into outright slavery rather quickly: Indians were paid exceptionally low wages—if anything at all—to perform strenuous labor in mines and on plantations. The Spanish firmly beli...


... middle of paper ...


...s were executed was very poorly and caused tragedy everywhere they set foot.
Because the responsibility was left on the interpretation of one individual, confusion arose which resulted in American Catholicism developing very differently that that practiced in Europe. A mix of pagan culture and Catholicism emerged. In other words, Native beliefs and understandings of spirituality and divinity mixed with strict Catholic teachings and created a hybrid religion that combined native religion into a larger frame of Catholicism. Some examples of this include: posadas and dia de los muertos. The best example, however, is the Virgin of Guadalupe. Ever since she first appeared to a poor Native peasant in 1531, she has been worshipped in America. Even though the Spanish were able to convert thousands of people, they weren’t sure of what they were converting them to exactly.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Development of the New World Essay

- Analysis: Beginning in 1942 with Christopher Columbus, the New World was conquered by Spain’s Empire which established much of South America, the United States and the Caribbean. When the Spanish first arrived, their mission was to see what the land had to offer as well as convert the indigenous people. What was not expected for the Spaniards to bring was disease and hardship of the land’s people. Spain began to abuse the land, turn its people into hard labor workers and to gain wealth from all the many riches the New World had to offer....   [tags: spanish, colonization, land]

Strong Essays
1252 words (3.6 pages)

The Colonization Of The Americas Essay

- The colonization of the Americas by the Spanish, starting in the late 15th century, was marked by the violent suppression and exploitation of the indigenous populations. Legitimized by royal support and proselytizing papal decree, the colonists expanded territory by force and enslaved natives for the purpose of labor. The colonists had differing views on the practices involving the natives and produced varying descriptions of them. The way in which these men and other settlers viewed the native cultures, practices, and achievements provided the justification or condemnation of the actions that unfolded around them....   [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Strong Essays
1337 words (3.8 pages)

Spanish Colonization and Trinidad and Caribbean Essay

- IMPACT OF SPANISH COLONIZATION ON THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF TRINIDAD AND WIDER CARIBBEAN Pre- History before the European’s Three (3) major Amerindian indigenous people lived in the Caribbean before the European discovered many of the Caribbean islands. These groups were the Island Caribs and Galibi who resided in the Windward Islands, the Taino who resided in The Bahamas, Leeward Islands and Greater Antilles, the Ciboney who resided in Western Cuba. Trinidad was inhabited by both Carib speaking and Arawak speaking groups, while the Tainos was divided into three (3) different types namely the Classic Tainos who lived in Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, the Western Tainos who lived in Cuba, Jamaica...   [tags: Impact, Indigenous People, Spain]

Strong Essays
1726 words (4.9 pages)

The First Age Of Colonization Essays

- The first age of colonization, puts a spotlight on the birth of European exploration of the Americas and the peoples who inhabited them. Numerous countries of Europe sent adventurers to explore, with primary intentions to discover resources, to trade, and spread Catholicism to the “uncivilized” natives of the areas. Spain, after the Reconquista, started their golden age. After Columbus’ discovery of the new world, explorers and treasure ships made their way to the Americas. The Spanish conquest through South America was a huge success in terms of Spanish influence, power, and economy....   [tags: Spain, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Strong Essays
736 words (2.1 pages)

Essay British Colonization in Southeast Asia

- Colonization for the British first began in 1591 when the merchant Sir James Lancaster had been commissioned to set sail by Commander Sir Francis Duke towards the East Indies. Sir James would continue to sail until in September 1592, he would land in Penang remaining there for two years pillaging any rival European ships that were to harbor there. Returning to Britain in 1594 and relaying the news of this newly found area, the British would not become a major participant in Penang’s history until 1786 with the Malay Sultanate of Kedah....   [tags: Colonization, Britain, World History]

Strong Essays
1106 words (3.2 pages)

Spanish Missionaries Served As Conquerors For The Spanish Empire Essay

- Spanish missionaries served as conquerors for the Spanish empire because they overpowered the natives through their brute force and superior technology to expand their empire territorially as well as increase their faith. The Spanish had one and only objective: to control the new world and take from it whatever number wealth as could be allowed with a distinctly less vital objective was to christianize the natives. The Spanish had various innovative preferences which permitted them to rapidly overpower the natives, despite the fact that the natives were prevalent in number....   [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]

Strong Essays
714 words (2 pages)

Philippines and the Spanish Colonization Essay examples

- Section A: Plan of Investigation The main focus of this study is going to be the process colonization of the Philippines and how the Spanish colonized the Philippines, primarily focusing in the customs and cultures. The pre-colonized and post-colonized Philippines will be discussed and compared with one another to determine the degree of change that occurred with the Filipino culture. The analysis of the information will explain how events that followed colonization erased aspects of the Filipino culture....   [tags: customs and culture]

Strong Essays
1697 words (4.8 pages)

Essay Tragedy or Blessing? The Aftermath of Spanish Colonization

- Ask yourself: are you the person today because of the things you have been through in the past. This question is also applicable to the countries in Latin America today, and the answer would be yes. The Spanish colonization in Latin America affected the respective countries in almost every single aspect of life, politics, and economy. Therefore, the Spanish influence is an undeniable part that cannot be ignored in every country that was under the influence of the grand Empire of Spain. The consequences of the Spanish were both negative and positive to the people living in the countries after the 15th century....   [tags: Latin America, Christopher Columbus]

Strong Essays
2484 words (7.1 pages)

The Movement of People and Creation of A New Nation Essay

- Through the course of history there were many migrations of peoples, such as the Europeans to The New World, or was later to be known as America. The British landed on America's east coast in 1492, it wasn’t long before the European explorers countered the Natives, the Native American Indians. The Natives quickly welcomed and accepted the settlers to the new land they claimed to have discovered, the Natives felt the land was to be shared. They became friends and shared the land and traded goods....   [tags: new world, native americans, colonization]

Strong Essays
537 words (1.5 pages)

Essay about English Colonization In The New World

- Two of the major powers in Europe quickly took the lead in settling the New World. The first, Spain, was very interested in acquiring huge amounts of gold, silver, and other rare valuables. In fact, the only reason they stumbled upon America is because they were en route to the Far East in search of the "fabled wealth of the Indies." What they found turned out to be much more valuable than a shipload of gold. A new continent was discovered-- one with unbelievable potential. Spain was able to take great advantage of its new found wealth, but made some bad decisions that in the long run did not help to solidify their existence in America....   [tags: History England ]

Free Essays
1143 words (3.3 pages)