The Spanish Civil War Was A Military Rebellion Against The Second Republic Of Spain

The Spanish Civil War Was A Military Rebellion Against The Second Republic Of Spain

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The Spanish Civil War was a military rebellion against the Second Republic of Spain. The uprising was a direct result of the polarization of Spanish society that had been occurring during the decade that preceded the war. Those who revolted against the Republic identified themselves as Nationalists and were in the main part Catholic conservatives, landowners, influential businessmen, and most importantly the military. Republicans comprised the opposing side. They supported the ruling government and were mostly workers, and the educated middle class. During the conflict the Nationalists received support from Mussolini and Hitler, who were sympathetic of their cause, while the Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union and the ‘International Brigades,’ which were military contingents comprised by volunteers from all over the world. The Spanish Civil War has always been studied and regarded as the prologue of the Second World War. However, it can also be seen as the prelude of the Cold War. The Spanish conflict provides the underlying basis to understand the dynamics of the Cold War and generated some of the characteristics that define this particular time period.
If the Cold War is solely defined to be a conflict caused by Soviet expansionism, the Spanish Civil War might as well be the beginning of it since soviet involvement in Spanish politics stimulated the break out of the civil war. It is true that by 1924 Soviet foreign policy became less revolutionary as Stalin launched the dogma of ‘Socialism in one country.’ This doctrine stressed the necessity to protect the Soviet Union and as a consequence encouraging revolutions abroad was relegated to a lesser plane. However, on the same year the Communist International (Cominter...


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...most voted party in the country and the party was able to secure three CEDA ministers into the government. This strengthened the ideological split of the Spanish Second Republic and created dissatisfaction within the extreme monarchists. They started to publicly proclaim their hostilities towards parliamentary democracy and saw CEDA to be composed majorly of supporters of the type of governmental system they rejected. Thus, the royalist came to the conclusion that the parliamentary system could only be overthrown through military action, which ultimately led to the type of belligerency that started the Spanish Civil War. As a consequence, one can contend that the Spanish Civil War was to a great extent a consequence of Soviet foreign expansionism into the politics of another state, which is a recurring theme in many of the conflicts that characterize the Cold War.

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