One very important pro-communist faction that fought in this Civil War was the Spanish Popular Front coalition that won the February 1936 general elections. Led by Prime Minister Manuel Azaña Díaz, this broad coalition, like the one that won the May 1936 elections in France, was composed of communists, socialists and moderate parties. Both coalitions were encouraged to come about as a result of Soviet foreign policy. This policy, known as the Popular Front policy, was passed by the Seventh World Congress of the Communist International in 1935 to protect Russia from Fascist Germany. The Communist International, Comintern or Third International, founded by Lenin in 1919, was an international organization of communist parties. The Comintern's Spanish affiliates were the P.C.E (Partido Comunista de España), the Communist Party of Spain and the Catalan based Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya or P.S.U.C.). It was this coalition ...
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Esenwein, George Richard. "Introduction: Interpreting Spain's Civil War and Revolution." In The Spanish Civil War: a modern tragedy, 1-10. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Graham, Helen. The Spanish Civil War: a very short introduction. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2005.
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