Essay about Spanish Civil War

Essay about Spanish Civil War

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The Spanish Civil War began in July of 1936, and ended in April 1939. Spain of the early 1930s was a deeply divided nation. There were two main factions in Spain- those of the left, and those on the right. Contrary to the political system in the United States, on the left were the Republicans (also called Loyalists) and on the right were the Nationalists. The Republicans were a conglomerate of many groups that banded together over the main thing they had in common—their opposition to fascism. This group consisted of Communists, monarchists, socialists, anarchists, and many of the common people (such as peasants and factory workers). On the Right, the Nationalists comprised of the middle to upper classes, Catholic Church supporters, and of course, those who fully supported a fascist regime .
In the years prior to the Spanish Civil War, the country had still been struggling with many internal issues. Some of these issues included what kind of government should rule Spain. To complicate matters, the governmental preference was largely dependent upon which Spanish city you resided in. In as early as 1923, a military coup overtook the power from the monarchial government and replaced it with a military dictatorship. Miguel Primo de Rivera was officially the Prime Minister, and served under King Alfonso XIII, but in reality Rivera was more like a dictator with a puppet monarchy . In 1930, Rivera resigned when he no longer wanted to rule over such a deeply divided nation. Rumors circulated that perhaps he foresaw a civil war in the making, and wanted to leave power before they came after him. This would make sense, since the European world had just previously watched the dramatic and violent unfolding of the Russian Revolution. Rivera f...


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...opic/558032/Spanish-Civil-War (accessed 09 Mar 2014).
donQuijote. "Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) - History of Spain | don Quijote." 2014.
http://www.donquijote.org/culture/spain/history/the-spanish-civil-war.asp (accessed 09 Mar 2014).
English.illinois.edu. "The Spanish Civil War: An Overview--by Cary Nelson." 2014.
http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/scw/overview.htm (accessed 09 Mar 2014).
Socialistworker.org. "The Spanish Civil War." 2014. http://socialistworker.org/2006
2/597/597_15_Spain.shtml (accessed 09 Mar 2014).
Casahistoria.net. "Background | Events | Franco | Nationalists | Republicans | Foreign Reaction |
Visual and literary materials | Analysis." 2014. http://www.casahistoria.net/civilwar.htm (accessed 09 Mar 2014).
Spartacus Educational. "The Spanish Civil War." 2014.
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Spanish-Civil-War.htm (accessed 12 Mar 2014).

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