The Spanish American War Essay examples

The Spanish American War Essay examples

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The idea of “Manifest Destiny” precipitated mounting conflicts with Mexico that ultimately provoked a Mexican attack on U.S. forces seeking to occupy this disputed territory. In May of 1846, the U.S. government declared war on Mexico and U.S. military force triumphed over the Mexican armies and reached and occupied Mexico City for a time. The war ended in early 1848, with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which called for Mexico to forfeit its claim to Texas and, in return for fifteen million dollars, transferred roughly half of Mexico’s lands including what is now California, Nevada and Utah and parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming which had comprised northwest Mexico to the United States. To this point, no other nation in the world had been coercively compelled to surrender so large a percentage of its territory to the United States.
Along with the lands acquired in the Spanish-American war, indigenous tribes had occupied these newly acquired lands for thousands of years, made inhabitants U.S. nationals or citizens by various statutes. The Treaty gave Mexican residents of the transferred lands who chose to remain the option of obtaining U.S. citizenship. Virtually all the estimated 75,000 who stayed did so. Native Americans had long been the victim of U.S. aggression and continued to face persecution of at the hand of the U.S. Military during this period. As the 19th and then the early 20th centuries proceeded, persons of Latino descent increasingly found themselves subjected to a wide range of discriminations by U.S. territorial governments throughout the region.
California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas prior to the Civil War, adopted constitutions that dictated voting rights and jury service to...


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...d to relegate those who were not white and did not speak English as second-class citizens. It is blatantly apparent that racial inequality was built into the very identity of Arizona from its inception (Meeks 37). The history of this period in the Southwest and specifically in Arizona followed a process whereby the establishment of an Anglo political economy and “the ways in which race, ethnicity shaped labor markets, defined citizenship criteria, and inscribed national boundaries” were constantly challenged by people of indigenous and Mexican descent through resistant adaptation, the “unanticipated, resilient, and sometimes defiant ways in which people adapt to impositions by those in power” (Meeks 4)
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Works Cited

Eric V. Meeks, Border Citizens: the Making of Indians, Mexicans, and Anglos in Arizona, Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007

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