Essay on The Spanish American War : A Highly Overlooked War

Essay on The Spanish American War : A Highly Overlooked War

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The Spanish American War is a highly overlooked war in history but is a very important piece in what shaped today’s world. The Spanish-American War of 1898 ended Spain’s rule on the western hemisphere and Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. It led to the U.S gaining territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. The United States victory led to a peace treaty that made the Spanish give up rule in Cuba, and to give rights over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States. The United States also annexed Hawaii during this time. The war enabled the United States to establish its dominance in the Caribbean region and to pursue Asia for economic and strategic interests.
The war started off big part in due to the Cuban fight for independence from Spain, which started in February 1895. In the U.S. newspapers Spain’s handling of the Cuban rebellion was shown to show how vicious and harmful the Cuban’s were being treated by Spain. The demand for U.S. intervention in the matter became increasingly adamant after the unexplained sinking in Havana harbor of the battleship USS Maine Feb. 15, 1898. Spain announced a ceasefire on April 9 and sped up its new efforts to grant limit Cuba on powers of self-government, but the U.S. Congress afterword quickly issued demands that issued independence to Cuba, demanded the retreat of Spain’s forces from the island, and authorized the President’s use of force to secure the withdrawal.
Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th. The war that followed was pathetically one-sided, due in large part to Spain 's lack of having its army or navy read for war. A United States naval fleet led by George Dewey was sent to Manil...

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...he colonial government that the United States had put in place in the Philippines in 1900 under future President William Howard Taft launched a campaign that became known as the “policy of attraction.” It was intended to win over key elites and other Filipinos who did not embrace Aguinaldo’s plans for the Philippines, this policy allowed a significant amount of self-government, introduced social reforms, and showed plans for economic development. Over time, this program gained important Filipino backing and over shadowed the revolutionaries’ popular appeal, which significantly aided the United States’ effort to win the war.

In 1907, the Philippines had its first elected assembly, and in 1916, the Jones Act was created which promised the nation eventual independence. The archipelago became an autonomous commonwealth in 1935, and the U.S. granted independence in 1946.

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