Alfonso XII was king for the shortest amount of time and first of the three, with only 10 years, from 1874 to 1885. He was announced King not too long after the end of the First Republic. The duration of Alfonso XII as king, and a part of Alfonso XII’s reign was known as the Restoration. Its main goal was to create a new political system, that of a constitutional monarchy through parliament. Spain was able to make progress within the years of him in power, in terms of stability and the modernization of Spain greatly increased. However, politically Spain was still corrupt, the conservatives and liberals alternated turns over control of the government with a system of “turnos”, which was a major reason for Alfonso XII to come into power in the first place and institute his new political system.
Under his short term as King he was able to bring relative peace to Spain on all fronts at home and abroad, as well as politically and economically. In 1874, when he was announced king, Spain was behind economically compared to the surrounding European countries. Remarkably he was able to soothe the economic woes of the time for the period of his reign. Unfortunately he died at the age of 27, leaving the throne to his unborn son, Alfonso XIII, to immediately become king. Alfonso XIII wasn’t born until 6 months later so his Mother, Maria Cristina, acted as a subordinate until he was officially able to take ove...
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Schuster, Henry. Spain Tries to Connect Al Qaeda, Train Bombers - CNN.
CNN.com. 16 Mar. 2004. Web. 02 June 2011.
Scott, Mark. "The Pain in Spain: Recession Hits Hard - BusinessWeek."
BusinessWeek.com. Web. 02 June 2011.
Asencio, Antonio. "Spain in NATO: From Opposition to the Presidency."
Cafebabel.com. 22 Dec. 2002. Web. 02 June 2011.
Morris, Charles. The Great Republic by the Master Historians.
Vol. 4. New York.: R.S. Belcher, 1902. Print.
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