The USSR under Gorbachov and Russia, first under Yeltsin and then under Putin provide evidence of a slow but definite move away from many of the pillars of the Soviet Union. These developments are in the broad areas of governmental ideology, economic systems and the party’s dictatorship and authoritarian control. While addressing these main ideas, it is important to acknowledge that reformation and development does not necessarily imply a shift toward Western systems, rather is a move to a system that works effectively in the nation being studied, here immediately pre dissolution USSR and Russia since that time.
Marvin Kalb says that irrefutable proof of Russia’s irreformability is in the fact that in many ways, nothing in Russia has changed except for in name. Despite a move from communism to democracy, the nation’s system was such that the same members of the previously known nomenklatura, kept their positions of power was an example of this Soviet inability to change. The Party and its loyalists continued to hold power and control the country in the same way that it had in Communist USSR even under Yeltsin...
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...ted successfully within the confines of the Soviet Union. Those who support the decision to break up the Soviet Union would argue that Khrushchev’s reforms were immediately abandoned after his political defeat and that glasnost and perestroika rather than helping the system as it was supposed to, is hailed by many as being a catalyst to the fall of the USSR.
While it is important to acknowledge truth in these claims, it is equally important to recognize the potential for change that these attempts at reform represented. These social, cultural and economic changes may not have worked in the way that they were implemented. Despite this, these attempts show that the Soviet System had been open to change and indeed was moving towards such a future before the political aspirations of Yeltsin stopped its progress before it had a chance to reach its reformatory potential.
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