In the late 1900s, the Soviet Union’s economy began to collapse. The collapse of the Soviet Union changed the world’s economic environment greatly. The economy was in bad shape and the war in Afghanistan was making it worse. The cause of the war was that the Soviet-supported Afghan government tried to put out social reforms and land redistribution that threatened the Islamic traditions. The Soviets spent tons of money and had low percentages of success.
Mikhail Gorbachev, who was the leader of the Soviet Union during this time, was eager to bring reforms to the Soviet Union. The changes that Gorbachev activated began to get out of hand. Mikhail started a policy of greater freedom of expression called glasnost. Glasnost allowed the Soviet Union’s people to speak freely about their opinion of the government and receive news that wasn’t approved by the government. Glasnost increased protest and caused the citizens to go against Gorbachev.
Mikail Gorbachev also entered perestroika. Perestroika was a Soviet policy of democratic and free-market reforms. The plan for Mikhail Gorbachev was to reconstruct the government and economy. He improved the efficiency of the perestroika by reducing the size of the bureaucracy (nonelective government officials). After all, Mikhail Gorbachev’s reforms brought economic turmoil to the Soviet Union. Shortages were worse than ever and the prices of items increased. Factories that were helped by the government were shut down and the rate of unemployment skyrocketed. The people of the Soviet Union demanded even more change.
Under the rule of Vladimir Putin in the 20th century, Russia has experienced major economic growth which helped its people get back on their feet. Industrialization increased by 75%...
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...Vladimir Putin and the leaders of Crimea have signed a treaty that agrees to making the Crimean peninsula a part of Russia. Many presidents in nearby countries do not agree with the decision. Putin believes that Crimea should not be shared and it should not be a divided country.
Russia as a country has been through the toughest times. The events that Russia has experienced have affected people globally. From the collapsing of the economy and harsh ruling by the government, Russia has seen it all. As the years go on, Russia continues to rebuild their country as a whole while maintaining its positive roots. Russia will go down in history as a very strong country.
Prentice Hall World History Textbook
http://countrystudies.us/russia/6.htm Accessed on 3/26/14
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