After the end of the Yalta Conference, it was agreed that the Soviet Union should allow Eastern European countries to have their own free elections in order to create their own post-war government. However, the power and territory hungry Communist regime wanted to further spread their doctrine to other countries, particularly the currently weakened Poland after the war. In order to maintain the assurances of the Yalta Conference, the Communists of the Soviet Union had to create their own “democratic” party within Poland to run for elections. The Communists had the Polish Workers’ Party, and not much opposition. However, a Polish party against Communism was formed by Stanislaw Mikolajczyk known as the Polish Peasantry Party, or PSL, and posed an actual threat to the Communists in the elections. The elections were determined by a referendum with three questions: “1) Are you in favor of abolishing the Senate? 2) Are you for land reform and nationalization of basi...
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...ards, the USSR was dissolved.
Throughout the many struggles and hardships of this time, it was one major aspect that kept the Poles united and strong, and that was their faith. 95% of the population is Roman Catholic, and are extremely strong in their faith. Even the Communists realized this, quickly ending persecution of Catholics shortly after they gained influence over Poland in 1956. The biggest morale boost to the people was Pope John Paul II in 1978, the first Polish pope ever. He encouraged and inspired the Polish people to remain strong for their people, country, and faith. When asked about his success, Lech Walesa attributed his success to his faith, saying “There were two factors- One was my faith in God… the other was my faith in my cause. Nothing else. I had no other strengths.” The fall of Communism is partly due to the unwavering faith of the people.
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