SADC and Angola. 2
Angola’s Exports 2
Angola’s Imports 4
ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY (SADC) ON ANGOLA.
After war, Angola is said to be in a triple evolution. It said to evolve from war to peace, destruction to reconstruction and from a state support system to democratization and transparency. It gained independence from the Portuguese in 1975 after an expensive and long running liberation war. In 1991, there were changes in the economy, with an inefficient controlled economy towards an expected multiparty democratic state and market economy. Even though there were fair and free elections won by the government in 1992, few liberty was recognized. The state was highly federal with the president and selected few able to manage the budget revenues for their own addition purposes. A lot of infrastructure, health services and agriculture were destroyed during the war. Millions of landmines were being put down. This caused problems with transport, agriculture and not forgetting people’s lives. Peace availed in April 2002 when the rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed. This left the Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola (MPLA) the undisputed champions and they controlled the government. (Kibble, 2006).
Angola is a member of Southern African Development Community (SADC) which endorses regional integration in the Southern part of Africa. The main aspiration of SADC is to get rid of poverty in Southern Africa. This will be made possible through a schedule that rotates around the endorsement of regional economic integration, peace and security in the region. An important constituent for SADC since its formation in 1980 ha...
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Minter, W. 1994. Apartheid’s Contras: an Inquiry into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
Munslow, B. 1999. ‘Angola: The Politics of Unsustainable Development’, Third World Quarterly, 20(3): 551-68.
Tvedten, I. 1997. Angola: Struggle for Peace and Reconstruction. Oxford: Westview Press.
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World Bank. 1993. Angola: Public Expenditure Issues and Priorities during Transition to a Market Economy. Report No. 11649-ANG. Washington, DC: World Bank.
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