Essay on Southern African Development Community in Angola

Essay on Southern African Development Community in Angola

Length: 2002 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Contents
Introduction 1
SADC and Angola. 2
Angola’s Exports 2
Angola’s Imports 4
Conclusion 5
Recommendations 5
References: 7



ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY (SADC) ON ANGOLA.
Introduction
After war, Angola is said to be in a triple evolution. It said to evolve from war to peace, destruction to reconstruction and from a state support system to democratization and transparency. It gained independence from the Portuguese in 1975 after an expensive and long running liberation war. In 1991, there were changes in the economy, with an inefficient controlled economy towards an expected multiparty democratic state and market economy. Even though there were fair and free elections won by the government in 1992, few liberty was recognized. The state was highly federal with the president and selected few able to manage the budget revenues for their own addition purposes. A lot of infrastructure, health services and agriculture were destroyed during the war. Millions of landmines were being put down. This caused problems with transport, agriculture and not forgetting people’s lives. Peace availed in April 2002 when the rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed. This left the Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola (MPLA) the undisputed champions and they controlled the government. (Kibble, 2006).

Angola is a member of Southern African Development Community (SADC) which endorses regional integration in the Southern part of Africa. The main aspiration of SADC is to get rid of poverty in Southern Africa. This will be made possible through a schedule that rotates around the endorsement of regional economic integration, peace and security in the region. An important constituent for SADC since its formation in 1980 ha...


... middle of paper ...


... T. 1997. The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Kibble, S. 2006. ‘Mainstreaming the African Environment in Development’, Review of African Political Economy, 33(109): 525-42.
Minter, W. 1994. Apartheid’s Contras: an Inquiry into the Roots of War in Angola and Mozambique. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
Munslow, B. 1999. ‘Angola: The Politics of Unsustainable Development’, Third World Quarterly, 20(3): 551-68.
Tvedten, I. 1997. Angola: Struggle for Peace and Reconstruction. Oxford: Westview Press.
UN Comtrade mirror data presented by the International Trade Centre, http://www.trademap.
org, accessed March 2014.
World Bank. 1993. Angola: Public Expenditure Issues and Priorities during Transition to a Market Economy. Report No. 11649-ANG. Washington, DC: World Bank.




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Southern African Development Community in Angola

- Contents Introduction 1 SADC and Angola. 2 Angola’s Exports 2 Angola’s Imports 4 Conclusion 5 Recommendations 5 References: 7   ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY (SADC) ON ANGOLA. Introduction After war, Angola is said to be in a triple evolution. It said to evolve from war to peace, destruction to reconstruction and from a state support system to democratization and transparency. It gained independence from the Portuguese in 1975 after an expensive and long running liberation war....   [tags: Progress, Program, Projects]

Term Papers
2002 words (5.7 pages)

South African Development Community Development Essay examples

- Another disadvantage for nations in the SADC is the lack of jobs available and growing unemployment rate. Southern African development community SADC business law handbook states, “Unemployment remains high in the region, with less than 49 per cent of the labour force engaged in modern sector employment i.e. non-agricultural wage employment” (Publications, 2007, p. 21). While this has been a goal set in place there obviously has been continued stifled success as AIDS and other deadly diseases have overcome the nations in the SADC and individuals are unable to continue to work and live the lives they once desired....   [tags: International trade]

Term Papers
1251 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Launch Of The African Union ( Au ) Passport

- 1. Facts and Figures • The launch of the African Union (AU) passport in July 2016 marked a step forward towards the aspirations of a common visa policy across the continent, which is included in the African Union’s (AU) 2063 agenda. • This step is part of a wider plan that includes visa-on-arrival for all African nationals, mandatory granting of a minimum 30-day visa for African citizens visiting any African country by 2018, and the goal of a single, continental passport by 2020. • According to the World Bank, by 2021, 75% of travellers in sub- Saharan Africa will be from Africa , a figure that shows the importance of open visa policies....   [tags: Africa, African Union, African Economic Community]

Term Papers
1134 words (3.2 pages)

The Southern Diaspor The Great Migrations Of Black And White Southerners By James N. Gregory

- The Southern Diaspora was one of the largest American population movements among the white and black population. From 1900 to 1970 more than 28 million southerners left their home regions in search of better jobs in the cities and suburbs of the North and the West making “the size of the diaspora is the first revelation” (pg. 13). “The Southern Diaspora: How the Great Migrations of Black and White Southerners Transformed America” by James N. Gregory shows the migration of black southerners and whites together to see the connections and differences....   [tags: African American, Southern United States]

Term Papers
1012 words (2.9 pages)

Winners and Losers in the Context of International Development Law Essay example

- The idea of the game in international development law was coined out of Salomon (2012) ‘s essay. She discusses a situation where there is inequality between the losing states and the winning states. This essay takes it further by applying it to a specific section of society amongst the winning and losing states. In order to create a framework, the thesis of this essay will be understood it is essential to explain the previous and also current relationship between African Elites and Western powers....   [tags: african elites, international development, western]

Term Papers
1747 words (5 pages)

The Haitian Revolution And African Americans Essay

- Although the Haitian Revolution inspired several revolts made from African Americans, African American themselves were not significantly responsible for slavery’s end. However, different regions had different circumstances that caused African Americans to either have an abundance amount of influence to slavery’s end or little to no influence. The reason being is due to the level of resistance that varied depending on the location of the slaves. Various number of slaves were forced to depend on the number of supporters that they had to work with because without enough support, the revolts would not go well, which again would not lead to the end of slavery....   [tags: W. E. B. Du Bois, African American, Black people]

Term Papers
1539 words (4.4 pages)

Anne Moody 's Influence On African American Women Essay

- Anne Moody was born Essie May Moody in 1940. She grew up in Wilkerson County, a rural county marked by extreme poverty and racism. The usual African American woman in the South was a cook, housekeeper, nursemaid, or all three enfolded up in one for at least one white family. Anne Moody was a southern African American women who grew up playing this role majority of her youth. Starting from when she was a young girl she would grow out of her adolescence quickly realizing what it meant to be African American, especially in the south....   [tags: Black people, White people, African American, Race]

Term Papers
1164 words (3.3 pages)

The Relationship Between Colonial Heritage Of African Nations And Their Subsequent Economic Development

- Is there a relationship between colonial heritage of African nations and their subsequent economic development. This paper will seek to expand upon studies that have sought to understand what if any relationships exists between democracy and colonial heritage (Lispet 1959). In examining the impact of colonial rule on the long term economic development of three African nations, I will seek to understand the how the colonial experiences of these nations has or has not had a long term impact on economic development....   [tags: Africa, Colonialism, Imperialism]

Term Papers
767 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about South African Affairs

- South African Affairs In today's world, everything moves at an extreme pace. Countries are trying to become global powers in the business world. Globalization is the topic of international affairs, and it is either having a positive or negative effect on developing nations. Globalization can be defined as, "the integration of economic, cultural, political, religious, and social systems through international and localization. (Dictionary)" A country that is being effect by these trends is South Africa....   [tags: South Africa]

Free Essays
1103 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Southern White Supremacy and Black Civil Rights 1863-1877

- Having endured the brutality of slavery and the uncertainty of war, America’s blacks enjoyed a period of relative respite during the years 1863-1877. With slavery abolished, the South underwent reconstruction within every component of its unsteady structure. However, one must measure the success of this reconstruction with the criteria of political, social and economic changes in mind. The amendments of the 1860s gave blacks greater political freedom, but were only upheld by the military force of the Northern army; blacks developed their first education and religious institutions, but only within a segregated framework; and economically, the black population wo...   [tags: The Failure of Reconstruction]

Term Papers
1285 words (3.7 pages)