South Kore The Republic Of Korea Essay

South Kore The Republic Of Korea Essay

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South Korea is officially called the republic of Korea. It accompanies the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its location is between the Yellow Sea and the East Sea. An artificial boundary called the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separates South Korea from its neighboring country, North Korea. South Korea has a total area of 38,502 square miles. A little known fact is that South Korea is slightly larger than the state of Indiana.
The history of Seoul (the capital of South Korea) started early as in 18 BC. It was chosen to be the capital of the Baekje Kingdom. After that it has been the capital of many different rulers, which all decide to give the new city its new name. Seoul has a big importance as a city but its real history started during the Joseon Dynasty in the year of 1392. The former General Yi Seoung-gye chose Seoul to be the capital of his empire.
During the next 10 years Seoul grew into a real city lead by the Neo-Confucianism philosophy of the Joseon Dynasty. What was the Neo-Confucianism? It was a philosophy and political culture that began in the middle of the 9th Century and reached new levels of intellectual and social creativity. Its philosophers name was Zhu Xi (1130-1200). The Neo-Confucian movement included speculative philosophers, painters, poets, doctors, social ethicists, political theorists, historians and local reformers. This theory continued until the whole system was ruined in 1905.
Buddhism and Catholicism were banned into the mountains and countryside. While in 1910 Seoul was controlled by a competing system of kings, peasants, slaves, and outcasts. Around this time of year Korea and Seoul were invaded by the Japanese. During the following 35 years Seoul was doomed while under the Japanese Colonial ...


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...ed Zone (DMZ) to keep the fighting forces separated. A domestic and world conflict that still exists in South Korea is that both sides are still trying to make peace. South Korea traces their colonization to the stone age people which was about 40,000 years ago. Their ancestors who arrived from Manchuria, Mongolia, and Southern Siberia between 3,000 and 8,000 BCE. During this time period the people but villages, raised animals, and wove cloth. Some of South Koreas imports are fruit, cotton, tobacco, and ginseng which is used in medicine and grows a lot on the mountains of South Korea. Some exports are fish, electronics, electronic chemicals, and is also one of the largest producers of computer chips and of ships. Some trading partners include China, U.S, Japan, Hong Kong, Saudi Aribia, United Arab Emirates, and Australia. South Koreas economic freedom is mostly free.

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