South African Apartheid: Political Defiance Campaigns Against the Government

South African Apartheid: Political Defiance Campaigns Against the Government

Length: 2809 words (8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

After the National Party won the elections of 1948 and introduced legislative measures for the promotion of apartheid, harsher political repression arose and led to increased organization among blacks. Before the 1940s, society was often overwhelmed by the numerous acts of rebellion that many blacks carried out in their daily lives; however, many black organizations refrained from visible remonstration of the National Party government. In the 1950s until the mid-1990s, the significant shift to new black political tactics that stressed open protest became a driving force in the fight against apartheid. This new defiance campaign was composed mainly of actions on a wide-scale level in which black political organizations and civic associations took a powerful role in staging protests and creating mounting unrest. The most significant were political activities; even activities that were originally non-political forms of defiance inadvertently became politicized, such as criminal behaviors prominently displayed by youth, squatter movements, and pass-law violations. Activities of political defiance included the organization of anti-apartheid parties such as the African National Congress, Pan-Africanist Congress, and United Democratic Front, and the politicization of labor unions and civic associations; constant government efforts were unable to suppress these actions. Black South Africans' acts of resistance, whether political or seemingly non-political, eventually united them in a massive fight against racial oppression which ultimately destroyed apartheid.
The National Party’s main goal when it came into power was to create programs to prevent the escalation of the “black peril” that the Smuts government failed to repress. Immediate...


... middle of paper ...


...
Bonner, P. L. "Family, Crime, and Political Consciousness." Journal of South African Studies 14.3 (1988): 393-420. Print.

Bonner, Phillip L. "The Politics of Black Squatter Movements on the Rand, 1944-1952." Radical History Review 46.7 (1990): 89-115. Print.

Lembede, A. M. "Some Basic Principles of African Nationalism." Inyaniso Document 51 (1945): 314-18. Print.

Marks, Shula, and Stanley Trapido. "South Africa Since 1976: A Historical Perspective." South Africa: No Turning Back (1988): 1-45. Print.

"Sharpeville Massacre -- The 21 March 1960 Sharpeville Massacre -- Build-up to the Massacre." African History -- Explore the History of Africa. Web. 07 April 2015.
.

South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid. Web. 07 April 2015. .

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Nelson Mandel The Apartheid Of South Africa Essay

- Nelson Mandela "We are extricating ourselves from a system that insulted our common humanity by dividing us from one another on the basis of race and setting us against each other as oppressed and oppressor. That system committed a crime against humanity."(Nelson Mandela) Nelson Mandela was the first elected black president of South Africa accredited for ending apartheid in that country. He was an activist who fought for the freedom of the country of South Africa and its inhabitants. In Nelson Mandela’s time frame, he was not only able to accomplish his own success, but attain triumph for his country and its people as well....   [tags: Nelson Mandela, South Africa]

Research Papers
1568 words (4.5 pages)

The Movement Of South Africa Essay

- In 1994, the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, after three decades of resistance, succeeded in ending an oppressive, unpopular regime in order to make way for South Africa’s first democratic government. The resistance movement to the apartheid system came from multiple sectors of society which joined together to create a coalition of organizations dedicated to the use of strategic nonviolence, peaceful protest, and civil disobedience. Twenty years after its beginning, the movement was faced with a near-constant interplay of passive resistance and armed insurrection that, unlike in some other campaigns, strengthened the protesters and underscored their goals....   [tags: South Africa, Black people, Racial segregation]

Research Papers
1326 words (3.8 pages)

African Americans And African American Colonization Essay

- During the time known in America as the period of Jim Crow, after decades of slavery, free African Americans were still tormented with inequality and discrimination. African American people were held under laws and restrictions, unlike privileged white Americans. Jim Crow Laws enabled prejudice to proliferate, which made it difficult for African Americans to prosper. Through this perilous era, there were many campaigns and strategies formed to progress the Freedom Movement, such as the African American Colonization Society, who helped African Americans immigrate to Africa....   [tags: African American, W. E. B. Du Bois]

Research Papers
2229 words (6.4 pages)

Essay about Addressing the South African Energy Crisis

- Introduction South Africa in most recent times has been plagued by an energy crisis. Due to the high energy demands placed on Eskom, it has been unable to cope with this high demand for energy and therefore unable to meet the energy demands of the domestic consumer. This has consequently led to unplanned power outages and scheduled load shedding by Eskom to ease the load demand. This is an obvious inconvenience for the citizens, it is therefore in their own best interest to assist in resolving the crisis we now face....   [tags: Water Heat, Electrical Usage]

Research Papers
2358 words (6.7 pages)

The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa

- The Role of External Pressure in the Fight Against Apartheid and Minority Rule in South Africa External pressure played a very important part in bringing about the end of the apartheid. The embodied rejection of White domination in South Africa, in formations of protests, strikes and demonstrations caused a decade of turbulent mass action in resistance to the imposition of still harsher forms of segregation and oppression. The Defiance Campaign of 1952 carried mass mobilisation to new heights under the banner of non-violent resistance to the pass laws....   [tags: ANC South Africa]

Research Papers
1577 words (4.5 pages)

Violence Against Women in South Africa Essay

- Located in the developing country, the Dominican Republic; the United Nations International Research and Training institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW), created by the United Nations in 1976 via recommendation of the First World Conference of Women. INSTRAW is an inter-governmental organization (IGO) whose mission is: “devoted to research, training and knowledge management in partnership with governments, the United Nations System, civil society and academia to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment.” INSTRAW accomplishes their mission by undertaking action-oriented research from a gender perspective that has a concrete impact on policies, programs and projects....   [tags: women's studies, african studies, gender inequalit]

Research Papers
1591 words (4.5 pages)

HIV in South Africa v. Uganda Essay example

- The Emergence of HIV in South Africa Much like the emergence of HIV in the United States, the first HIV cases in South Africa were found in the homosexual male population. In 1983, two homosexual, South African men passed away from opportunistic infections associated with autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the months following, many other homosexual men became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which caused the people of South Africa to consider AIDS a disease that solely infected homosexuals....   [tags: Africa ]

Research Papers
2281 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on Civil Society in South Africa

- ... During 1900s, South Africa experienced two different development models. One side, social expenditure to support the white minority and produce sustained economic growth while the other side, social abandonment and complete lack of service for majority of disenfranchised citizens. The separate development known as “apartheid “was an economic and political system changed in late 1940s by the Afrikaans-led National Party and adding institutionalized in 1970s, which excluded the majority of citizens from political and economic participation....   [tags: ]

Research Papers
1558 words (4.5 pages)

The Effects Of Low Expectancy On South Africa Essay

- Life expectancy statistically measures the average time an individual can be expected to live. In recent years, a significant increase in global life expectancy has been widely observed according to World Health Organization (WHO) data. However, the developing world has struggled with a short lifespan. In South Africa, inhabitants are only expected to live up to 62 years, 22 years lower than the Japanese average age. The reasons for this issue might lie on poor heath provision. This essay will analyze two optimal measurements to tackle with low life expectancy in South Africa....   [tags: Public health, Health care, Life expectancy]

Research Papers
759 words (2.2 pages)

South Africa: Will The World Cup Be Safe? Essay

- Throughout South Africa’s history, of health care, there have always been problems. Most of these have been brought about by discrimination which has led to low income and violence which still occurs today. After the end of the rule of apartheid ended the health care system in South Africa had a lot of challenges ahead of it. South Africa has suffered and still dose today, from HIV/AIDS, malnutrition, maternal deaths, and infectious diseases. South Africa could be considered low income when it comes to health....   [tags: Security ]

Research Papers
1194 words (3.4 pages)