Sound of Speech Essay

Sound of Speech Essay

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In the running of day to day life one constant aspect that holds great significance in the way we interact is speech. Speech involves the emission of a series of sounds, which have unique acoustic structure, which is made up of audible qualities over time. The human auditory system receives the segmented streams of information contained in whatever has been spoken. On receipt of the acoustic speech signal, the individual relies on their acquired knowledge on linguistics and their ability to deduce the intended message from the speech, skills which one develops from infancy (Florian, 1994). Perception represents the manner in which this stream of audible information is heard, interpreted, understood and conceptualized.
Depending on the intellectual capacity of the listener, a great deal of information can be gathered from some fleeting acoustic signals. One can be able to make a judgment on indexical and spatial aspects of the speaker such as their gender, age, physical location, emotional state and so on. The level of comprehensions derived from speech is different in adults and children. In a variety of studies to investigate the manner in which adults and four-year-olds make inferences, familiar and unfamiliar animals were used as stimuli and evidence was found to suggest that category membership and similarity of conceptual information play a major role. Children tend to use category membership without clear and detailed mention of the relevant categories in tasks of their inductive behavior. They use category membership information that is available for familiar categories even when the categories involved in the experiments are not revealed to them. They do not blindly follow the school of thought...


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...nowledge: Inference, Perception and Articulation THE ROLE OF BIASED RECOLLECTIONS INSELF-INFERENCE PROCESSES. Carlifonia: University of California-Santa Barbara.
Ames, D. R. (2004). Inside the Mind Reader’s Tool Kit: Projection and Stereotyping in Mental State Inference. New York: American Psychological Association.
Downing J., Sternberg R., Ross H. (1985). Multicausal Inference: Evaluation of Evidence in Causally Complex Situations. NewYork: American Psychological Association.
Florian, J. E. (1994). Stripes Do Not a Zebra Make, or Do They? Conceptual and Perceptual Information in Inductive Inference. New York: American Psychological Association.
Pillow B.,Hill V., Stein C.(2000). Understanding Inference as a Source of Knowledge: Children's Ability to Evaluate the Certainty of Deduction, Perception, and Guessing. New York: American Psychological Association.

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