Sophocles ' Antigone : The Greatest Civilization On Earth Essay

Sophocles ' Antigone : The Greatest Civilization On Earth Essay

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Around the time where Greece was known to be the greatest civilization on earth, many people used myths and stories as an extension of their belief because they were culturally significant and important. Ancient Greece was a male-dominated civilization that created laws which would benefit only those with power, which let to the suffering of those without power. The relationship of the sexes was very important, because it showed how men were more superior and woman were frowned upon because they were treated more like minorities. Aeschylus’ “Agamemnon” is about a Greek king who would do anything, including sacrificing his daughter, because he feels as a man and a king whatever decisions he makes are always just. Sophocles’ “Antigone” is about a girl who goes against the religious values of the society, and get persecuted because state laws restrict her from burying her once tyrannical brother. Oikos and Polis are embodied by the characters Sophocles ' Antigone and Aeschylus ' Agamemnon because it shows how characters from each tragedy compare and contrasts with each other.

Agamemnon is the king of Argos, and the commander of the Greek army during the Trojan War. Clytemnestra is the Queen of Argos and the wife to Agamemnon, and personality responsible for killing both Agamemnon and Cassandra. When Agamemnon decided to sacrifice his one and only daughter, to give winds of the Greek army fleet of the Trojan war he started the cycle to his inevitable doom. Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus both decide to kill Agamemnon, because they both had grudges on Agamemnon because of the things he did tot hem in the past. This is depicted in Aeschylus’ tragedy “Agamemnon” written in the 5th century Greece BCE. “I stand now where I struck hi...


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...m these two plays. Both Agamemnon and Clytemnestra show Oikos and Polis because Agamemnon is a character who has a lot of hubris (excessive pride), which is a man’s trait and Clytemnestra is a character which is very chaotic, irrational and very destructive. Ismene is a character who would do anything for her sister, but would rather follow the rules given by the state and by the king. Haemon gave his life not listening his father, because he cared only for his individual needs, rather then the need set by the state. Creon represents Oikos because he believes in man made laws, as opposed to Antigone who represents Polis because even though Polynices was deemed to be a tyrant of the state. Antigone still wanted to bury him because she cares for religious values of the family and she believes that family is above everything else; even in the eyes of the gods.




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