Solid Waste Essay

Solid Waste Essay

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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
What are Solid wastes?
Solid wastes refer to the extent of refuse emerging from animals and human activities that are disposed of as undesirable and useless. Solid wastes can be generated from commercial, residential and industrial activities in a given area.
What is pollution?
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. The components of pollution are called pollutants and can either be foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants.










SOLID WASTES POLLUTION:

MEANING AND DEFINITION
There are different kinds of wastes that can be generated during human and animals activities. These wastes are generally in solid form and may cause or lead to pollution of water, and air except such solid wastes are properly treated and disposed of
Solid wastes are materials that are continuously accumulated over time by human and animal activities. They are considered as unwanted, worthless or useless materials lacking adequate liquid content to be free-flowing. Solid wastes are generated from Agricultural, industrial, commercial, domestic and institutional sectors whereby solid waste materials are regarded as useless which is then discarded. Solid wastes are the bulkiest undesirable residue generated from agricultural, commercial, industrial and domestic activities which are in the form of garbage, rubbish, sludge, refuse etc. Solid wastes are solid materials that are regarded as unwanted or useless which are then discarded into the environment (Karak, 2012).













TYPES OF SOLID WASTES
There are two basic types of solid wastes:
• Biodegr...


... middle of paper ...


...cipal activities can either be hazardous or nonhazardous (Karak, 2012).




INDUSTRIAL WASTES



There are other sources of solid wastes which include the following
COMPOSITION OF SOLID WASTES
There are certain factors that affect the composition of solid wastes. These factors include;
• The area: If the area is a commercial or residential or institutional or construction area
• The economic level: When there is a difference between low-income areas and high income areas. Most organic solid wastes are usually produced by low-income areas while most inorganic solid wastes material such as can, plastics are produced by high-income areas
• The weather and season: This factor determines the differences in the amount of population during the year, tourist places
• Culture: The culture of the people doing business or living in that area (Vadec, 2013)













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