This parasitic infection is caused mainly by four main species of worms. These worms are the roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) and hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necatar americanus).These species are mostly transmitted through the soil. The helminthes disease is named as the soil- transmitted helminthes because this infection is transmitted through ingestion of the nematode eggs in the soil, which is contaminated through excretion. The disease is mostly prevalent in warm and moist climate where sanitation and hygiene are poor and waters are unsafe mostly in the temperate zones during the hotter months.
Ascaris which is a soil- transmitted helminthes which is caused by large roundworms A.lumbricoides. It is said to be one of the most widely spread soil- transmitted helminthes, it affects almost 1 billion people. Half of the victim populations are in the tropical and sub- tropical areas. The conditions are mostly low and they often show little or sometimes are asymptomatic, chronic infections cause severe intestinal blockage and it impai...
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...tions are prevalent in the developed world because there is an inadequate supply of water and there is lack of sanitation in some of these communities.
The public health problems possessed by these soil- transmitted helminthes infections are caused by the ingestion of parasite eggs from contaminated soil. The infection of soil- transmitted helminthes is caused by genetics, environment, age, different populations and household clustering. Chronic and intense soil- transmitted helminthes infections can contribute to nutrition deficiency, iron deficiency and causes anemia, mental and physical growth retardation in childhood.
The global strategies can be controlled by the use of, Antihelminthic drugs like albendazole or mebendazole and regular deworming the children. It can be controlled by the improved of sanitation and by taking the step of health education.
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- INTRODUCTION: Soil-transmitted helminths group of infectious parasite intestinal worms e.g. hook worm (Ancylostoma duodenale Necator americanus), ascaris (Ascaris lumbricoides), and whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), that cause Soil-transmitted helminthiasis diseases. They are human parasites, it is transmitted through contaminated soil, it has a worldwide distribution mostly human. Discussion These helminths parasite are transmitted by ingestion of helminths eggs in the soil. These helminths are found in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene management also places with warm climates like sub-Saharan Africa Southeast Asia and Latin America.... [tags: Disease, Infection, Prevention]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- Introduction Key words: Soil-transmitted helminthes, YLDs, DALYs, diarrhea, mebendazole, ash Soil, the outermost covering of the earth`s surface, is beneficial to man and other animals for support, agriculture, shelter and precious minerals. Unfortunately, same harborssome disease-causing helminthes-Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm), Trichuristrichiura (whipworm) and Necator americanes, Ankylostomaduodenale, Ankylostoma caninum (hookworms). The global disease burden is so huge the Ascarisis, a soil-borne helminth account for over one billion cases; the highest for any parasitic infection (Microbiology & Immunology online, 2014).... [tags: Worms, Disease, Infection]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS Soil transmitted helminthes could be defined as a group of parasitic disorders in human beings that can be caused by intestinal roundworms such as hookworm (ancylostoma duodenale), and whipworm (trichuris trichuria), collectively called soil transmitted helminthes (STHs) which could be transmitted through a contaminated soil. It has become one of the most common parasitic infections of human beings worldwide. It has affected approximately two billion people (about a third of global population) are infected by these parasites as of the latest estimate and four billion at risk, which even... [tags: Worms, Disease]
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- World Health Organizationstated ‘Soil-transmitted helminthesinfections are among the most common infections worldwide and affect the poorest and most deprived communities. They are transmitted by eggs present in human feces which in turn contaminate soil in areas where sanitation is poor’ Helminthes are parasitic worms. Soil helminthes are the parasitic worms transmitted via the soil. The main species that infect people are the roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), the whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) and the hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale.... [tags: Research, UN, Deworming]
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- INTRODUCTION Helminths (helmins: worms) are group of parasitic metazoans. Soil transmitted helminths infections or helminthiasis (STH) are caused by these group of parasitic worms namely; roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) and hookworms (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus). They are also called intestinal worms because the adult worms live in the intestine. STH is now the most common parasitic infection of humans worldwide, surpassing even the most common talked about parasitic infection, malaria.... [tags: Worms, Infection, Hygiene]
1412 words (4 pages)
- Soil transmitted helminthes (STHs)are group of multicellular parasites belonging to a family of nematode (worms)which are pathogenic in nature and are known to causeinfections for human when they accidentally swallow the eggs or touch infected feces of animals. They usually transmitted through contaminated soil and they are known to survive best and reproduce in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Important contextual determinants for human infection are poverty, lack of sanitation, and inadequate hygiene (e.g., absence of hand washing with soap after defecation and before eating, and walking barefoot.... [tags: Worms, Disease]
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