A. Under trial for corrupting youth and not worshiping the Gods in Athens, Socrates takes an attitude that many might interpret as pompous during his trial. Rather than apologise, as Plato’s dialogue title Apology suggests, Socrates explains why he is right and those who accused him are mistaken. He speaks in a plain manner, as if the jury is just another of his followers. Socrates first cites the profit at Delphi for why he behaves in ways that lead to him being under scrutiny of the law. He explains that his friend, Chaerephon, went to ask the oracle if anyone is wiser than Socrates and the oracle responded no (21a). Socrates then explains his interpretation of this being that he is wise in knowing that he does not know certain things, where most believe that they do know something of consequent in their area of expertise(21d-e). Socrates believes that while he does not know more than many people, he is wise in that he is able to realise that he does not really know much of anything, and also the things he does know are not worth much. He applies this logic to mean that he must go around Athens and show others that they are not actually wise, so that they can become intelligent like him. As a result, he feels he is helping the society of Athens as a whole. By a small number, Socrates is found guilty and the jury comes to a decision to put Socrates to death. To further his display of haughty behavior Socrates’ response is to say in a mostly joking manner that the city should be giving him a medal of honor. He continues on to reject exile and prison time, suggesting that he pay a fine. Socrates’ reaction is unlike what is to be expected. He believes that it is ridiculous to fear the after-life because it does not make sense to fe...
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...e at which all philosophy stems from. Having a body is not important to being who one is according to Socrates’ beliefs. Those who don’t feel this way are not true philosophers.
D. I believe Socrates’ measure of a good life is in the capacity that one can live according to the mandates and standard beliefs of philosophy. This is how he spent his days. Through the end of his life Socrates adheres to the lessons he taught his followers and the core ideologies of his studies. He considers it is more important to die aligned with his teachings than live a long life. His philosophy takes importance over his family, life, followers, and friends. Knowing that he himself had utter devotion to furthering his knowledge of the metaphysical world around him- through any means necessary, death included- was what allowed Socrates to consider his life well lived and worthwhile.
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