Socrates 's Allegory Of The Cave And The Republic Essay

Socrates 's Allegory Of The Cave And The Republic Essay

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In The Republic, Socrates discusses his Allegory of the Cave and comes to the conclusion society should be ruled by “Philosopher Kings.” His reasoning involves the idea that politicians want power regardless of whether or not they have knowledge, so they will abuse the power they are given. However, philosophers strive to learn more and become more knowledgeable, so they do not care about the power and therefore will not abuse the power given to them. Further analysis of the allegory leads the audience to realize philosopher kings are not those who strive to attain knowledge but rather are those who are already knowledgeable. While reading Plato’s works on Socrates, such as the Euthyphro, the Apology, and the Republic, the audience often questions what Socrates means when he says someone is knowledgeable. In the Euthyphro, Socrates clearly seems to be more “knowledgeable” than Euthyphro regarding piety. However, in the Apology, Socrates claims he has no knowledge of anything. By analyzing the Euthyphro, the Apology, and the Republic, the audience sees when Socrates refers to knowledge, he means the ultimate and divine truth. His definition proves he does not have knowledge nor is he more knowledgeable than others, but instead has thought more about various subjects than the “experts” of those subjects have.
In the Euthyphro, Socrates proves even experts on certain subjects do not actually have knowledge on their subjects. He does this by using Euthyphro as an example. When discussing piety, Euthyphro claims he “would not be superior to the majority of men, if (he) did not have accurate knowledge of all such things” (4e8). In doing so, Euthyphro claims to have more knowledge on piety than the majority of men which makes him believ...


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...edge is the divine truth.
Through careful analysis of Socrates’ implications on knowledge, the audience can see that Socrates has a very in depth understanding of knowledge. In the Euthyphro, Socrates proves that experts do not have knowledge on their area of expertise, which, on the surface, implies that Socrates is more knowledgeable than the experts. In the Apology, Socrates claims even though he is the wisest man, he has no knowledge. And in the Republic, Socrates claims that knowledge is the true form of a subject. Although the definitions from the Euthyphro and the Apology seem to contradict each other, analysis from the Republic, gives a definition of knowledge that makes the definitions from the other dialogues go hand in hand. By asserting that knowledge is the divine truth, Socrates proves that neither he nor human experts can have knowledge on anything.

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