Socrates' Aim in "The Republic of Plato" Essay

Socrates' Aim in "The Republic of Plato" Essay

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From the very beginning of The Republic of Plato it has been Socrates’ aim to prove to Adeimantus and Glaucon, why men lead just lives. In order to thoroughly explain his point of view as we now know Socrates went about setting up his city of thought. Through the formation of the city of thought we are first introduced to Socrates idea of what his ideally just city would be like and how it would be formed. We are from the formation of this completely just city introduced us to the minds of the “philosopher-kings” who are to be the rulers of Socrates’ city. We then move in to the discussion of the four unjust constitutions of city and man. There is first the, timocracy, which is embodied and led by the man who is most honor-driven, the oligarchy, embodied and led by the man who allows his necessary desires drive him, the democracy, led by the man who is most driven by his unnecessary desires, and finally, the tyranny, the most wretched of the cities, led by the man who is most driven by his unlawful desires.
It is thought that the tyrannical city and the private tyrant were the most wretched constitutions set out by Socrates and it is not until Book IX that Socrates reveals that there is something far worst. According to Socrates the tyrant that does not keep his tyrannical ideas to himself is far worse than the tyrannical city or the private tyrant. According to Socrates the political tyrant is the man that expects to be able to rule over the people as well as the gods and will not hesitate to take whatever he may desire with no regard for the law of the land or any laws set out by the gods. He goes on to say that if the people will not willingly submit to that man with the most tyrannical soul he will not hesitate to turn his o...

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...the philosopher is the only one who can really experience true pleasure because the philosophical desire can be permanently satisfied by grasping the form of the good.
To Socrates these reasons alone are enough to convince anyone that is better to live a just life because not only will you be happier but you will be substantially more privileged than the unjust man. But there are some flaws in Socrates’ reasoning in my opinion with all three of these arguments but the one that stands out the most as being problematic is that the philosopher will be the only person able to judge who is truly just. In my opinion this should not have been accepted as a valid reason for living a just life simple because throughout his reasoning it seems as the Socrates is very redundant and doesn’t fully explain why the philosopher would be the only person able to make this decision.

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