Sociological theorist have provided two broad insights as to what exactly the sociology of religion can refer to. One concept acknowledges that “the nature of religion is part of a human condition” (pg 652) while the other concept is an applied school that focuses more on the statistics of who populated the religion and is concerned more about more technical details such as age, gender and social class and how “these interacted with the host of social, social psychological and sociopolitical outcomes in societies” (pg 652). Despite the two approaches of studying religions most theorists took the applied route or did observational work at the beginning of their careers.
Theories of the sociology of religion varied and differed yet, the three main figures that influenced the topic in America were Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. They built the foundation on which the findings of the sociology were expanded. Moreover, the 1960’s is when Karl Marx first introduced his take on what religion meant to him and he explained that through the comparison of religion and society and the use of drugs by the wealthy.
In his perspective it was the “opiate of the people” and that is because religion r...
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... in regards to religion. For example, some people the cost of something good and the value of something good is measured as the same while other believe, costly goods are better because they are pricier. In a metaphorical way religions are being advertised and marketing through religious affiliations (p.662). Decisions obviously change overtime due to multiple reasons including the circumstances that may arise. Parsons believed that religion didn’t need to be involved or explained through several theories but as a “general theory of action”. (p 662)
Either way, most religions believe in increasing the amount of members entering a religion. Some theorist question this and that where the idea that “less could be more” comes in. (p.663) Research of the sociology of religion is constantly conducted overtime and new perspectives and theories are developed and questioned.
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