Karl Popper is an often cited philosopher when addressing the concern of sociology as a science and by his logical explanation of science one can easily deduce that sociology is a science. In his article problems are discussed as the source of knowledge and that science pursues problems to determine answers so that we may gain awareness and understanding. Therefore, the scientific process begins with observation so that we may find as Popper states “something [which] is not quite in order with our knowledge, with our expectations, with our theories” (89) or rather an unexplained problem which cannot be answered based on the knowledge which is immediately available to us. Once a problem has been identified, solutions must be proposed in an attempt to fix the problem, however a crucial step must be carried out before we make assumptions of truth based on the proposed solutions. All solutions must be then subjected to applicable criticism in an attempt to disprove the hypothesis and if the solution stands against such criticism, than that hypothesis should be accepted temporarily. Sociology utilizes this process by conducting studies and proposing hypotheses for problems of a social nature like social stratification, which then are i...
... middle of paper ...
...ition, the potential existence of casual relationships which have not yet been discovered makes the above argument invalid.
Despite the differences between the natural sciences and the social sciences, sociology is in fact a legitimate science. The fundamental process of observing problems, formalizing hypotheses and testing said hypotheses is a common element among the sciences and one which sociology utilizes. In addition, sociology needs to be termed as a hermeneutic science rather than a nomological science because society is a complex entity. Understanding problems must be paired with an understanding of the culture within which the problem exists, otherwise an accurate solution is impossible to discover. In conclusion, sociology is a legitimate science however certain dissimilarities must be addressed in order to fully comprehend the scope of that claim.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Use of Experiments in Natural Sciences and in Sociology Experiments are particularly important in natural sciences as they are the device used to either prove or disprove a hypothesis. Sciences such as chemistry or physiology operate in what is known as closed systems, where all the variables can be controlled. This means therefore that such experiments can be carried out, and effectively. Whereas it may be difficult in physical sciences to control the variables, and in sociology to recreate everyday life, natural sciences do not face the same overriding problems.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- By the definition, science is the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment (Oxford dictionary). This crude definition is elaborated further by a world-famous sociologist Anthony Giddens as ‘the scientific study of human social life, groups, and societies. It is dazzling and compelling enterprise, as its subject matter is our own behavior as social beings. The scope of sociological study is extremely wide, ranging from the analysis of passing encounters between individuals on the street to the investigation of global social processes such as the rise of Islamic funda... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1959 words (5.6 pages)
- Sociology emerged in the eighteenth century after a period of intense cultural, social and economic changes. As people began to try to understand these changes, there came a period called the Enlightenment. This is also considered by Hamilton (1992) to be a “time characterised by the development of distinctively modern forms of thought about society and the realm of the social.” The Enlightenment encouraged a new way of thinking marked by application of reason, experience and experiment to the natural and social world.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1143 words (3.3 pages)
- Positivism was the ideology that initially underpinned all disciplines of early sciences and describes a belief that the complete objective truth can be reached. Natural scientists today hold the universal belief that a truth can repeatedly be exampled until it is falsified by way of methodical research, indicating a positivist approach which incorporates an objective reality. However as time and advancements has progressed, social scientists have embraced the ideology of probabilism. This is the notion that where the subject matter incorporates numerous anomalies and contingencies, the appropriate action is to downsize the explanations to accurately fit the probabilities of the work (Duus-O... [tags: Natural Sciences, Social Sciences]
1289 words (3.7 pages)
- 1. The study and science of Sociology is a comparitively new pursuit, as opposed to the general sciences such as physics, archeology and chemistry, that is now being used to explain and help improve our way of life and behaviour. Many benefits are derived from the study of sociology; understanding the social dynamics within communities or certain groups give clarity on why problems and conflicts arise within them, and how those can be solved, as well as impinging upon our individual day to day existence.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1645 words (4.7 pages)
- Explain the argument for each side of this issue, then describe your own view. Social sciences are the analysis methodically of the social area of the world. They are mixed area of study of human behavior and society which include disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. Social sciences study methodically the manner in which people behave and how they influence the world around us. It aims to comprehend any given social phenomena by using a methodology borrowed from the physical sciences.... [tags: research approach]
966 words (2.8 pages)
- Theories are unproven hypotheses that serve as explanations for observations and events, so they must have a way of convincing people that they are true. A theory’s objectives are to explain and predict a phenomenon. Most ideas are not convincing without solid evidence or proof. The human sciences and natural sciences have different ways of showing the validity of a hypothesis. The natural sciences, which include subject areas such as physics, chemistry, and biology, depend on physical proof through experiments with several trials.... [tags: Science]
1468 words (4.2 pages)
- What is Sociology. Have you ever wondered how sociology plays into your life. Are you influenced by what you see in the movies, on the television, or in Advertisements. Do you use the Internet, go on Facebook, ask Google questions, visit chat sites, or read blogs. These are just a few of the many life situations that can help bring the light onto sociology and how it plays into your life. What is Sociology. Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior and human groups. Sociology simply focuses on social relationships; how one relationship can influence people’s behavior; and how societies, the sum total of those relationships, develop and change (Schaefer, Page 5).... [tags: social relationships and behavior]
921 words (2.6 pages)
- Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies … prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- "That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." As far as we can be concerned we won’t be able to say with assertion how can we account for what seems implausible on all accounts of earlier attempts that has failed to have produced evidences empirically factual to the propositions as assertively true of its existence holds true even today when the questions that can be raised with newer dimensions as to whether there can be a science of it or science in it which would rightly mean and in the sense of the science in it had already been touched upon as what has been observed of the changes under what generalized circumstances of... [tags: Natural Sciences]
1142 words (3.3 pages)