Human Physiology (NSC2205)
Submitted on April 1st, 2014 to Dr. Apollo Maima
Table of Contents
What is HIV? 2
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS 2-3
Health Impacts of HIV 3
Impacts of HIV/AIDS
Economic – Individual 5
Economic – Health Care 5-6
What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a lentivirus virus that attacks the immune system of the human causing the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus spreads through body fluids that affect specific immune system cells known as CD4 cells or T cells (Center for Disease Control and Prevention , 2014). When the virus destroys a significant number of the cells, the body becomes unable to fight off infections and diseases. This leads to AIDS, a condition whereby progressive failure of the human immune system permits life-threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. Once is infected with HIV, the individual lives with it for the remainder of his or her life. Prevailing scientific knowledge demonstrates that the body cannot rid itself of HIV as it does with other viruses.
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
Within two to four weeks of exposure to the virus, some people report having flu-like symptoms, which include: fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and a rash (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). A person may experience these for as little as a few days to as much as several weeks. Although the virus may not be detected by an HIV test, individuals who have contracted it are highly infectious. It is also important to note...
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...act of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Health Sectors of Developing Countries. In Haacker, M. The Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS. (311-343). Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/aids/eng/chapter10.pdf
Rabkin, J., McElhiney, M., Ferrando, S. J., Van Gorp, W., & Lin, S. H. (2004). Predictors of employment of men with HIV/AIDS: A longitudinal study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 72–78.
Tawfik, L. & Kinoti, S. N. (March 2006). The impact of HIV/AIDS on the health workforce in developing countries. World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hrh/documents/Impact_of_HIV.pdf
Wood, E., Montaner, J. S., Chan, K., Tyndall, M. W., Schechter, M. T., Bangsberg, D.,… Hogg, R. S. (2002), Socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy, and survival from HIV-disease since 1996. AIDS, 16, 2065-2072.
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- By the year 2000, 58 million people have been infected by HIV/AIDS and alarming numbers such as 22 million would have already died. And the epidemic continues to spread. HIV/AIDS historically is considered to be one of the longest running worldwide epidemics that we have ever seen, and figures cannot be placed on the true death tolls or estimation of the damage as the cycle still is yet to reach an end (Whiteside 2002). With Africa being the worst hit continent in the world in terms of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the severity of it’s prevalence; one can only begin to question whether HIV/AIDS and poverty and directly connected or the inter-linkages exacerbate one or the other.... [tags: Africa, Poverty, HIV, AIDS]
748 words (2.1 pages)
- HIV/AIDS is an illness that has been present for over three decades, all regions of the world are affected with this virus, but some regions such as the Sub-Saharan Africa are the worst hit with high incidence and prevalence. HIV is a preventable virus, it is commonly transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing drug injection equipment such as needles with someone that is HIV positive and through other body fluids such as blood, semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids and breast milk. South Africa has the largest number of people with HIV majority of these numbers being women.... [tags: Health care, Medicine, Health economics, Health]
1336 words (3.8 pages)
- Throughout this class we have talked about how various disparities can influence both how and when you need health care, be it for physical or mental reasons. Basically if you aren’t a middle class and above white male with a good job you’re basically fucked. Things such as race, gender, education, the environment you grew up in, who you know, and of course your insurance and income play a huge role in how you experience all aspects of healthcare. As explained in the Link&Phelan article, certain social factors can cuase specific health results.... [tags: Medicine, Health care]
1241 words (3.5 pages)
- Children in African American Community at risk of the HIV/AIDS Many African Americans are at high risk of the HIV infection and many of them are unaware or have a lack of access to care, education and prevention services. With African American’s making up fourteen percent of the population, they make up almost half of all people infected with HIV. According to, Exploring the Social and Community Context of African American Adolescents’ HIV Vulnerability (2013), African American communities bear the burden of disproportionately high rates of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) nationwide.... [tags: Healthcare, Prevention, Community]
2089 words (6 pages)
- The prevalence of AIDs in the African countries has come to be more apparent as the rates of those who have AIDs has increased over the past few years. Zimbabwe is a third world country where many facilities are not available as well as health oriented programs, many people are living under deplorable conditions which also contributes to their risk of infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDs caused by HIV, is a disease that is caused by sexual intercourse with those of who are infected with it, AIDs can also be caused by prenatal transmission, and if the mother were to have AIDs then the child would also be infected.... [tags: spread of HIV related diseases]
1055 words (3 pages)
- Adam Smith an 18th century economist and philosopher once remarked, “ The real tragedy of the poor is the poverty of their aspirations”. Over 1.3 billion people today live on a dollar a day or less, yet due to its interconnectedness, multidimensionality, and wide ranging relativity, the condition of poverty remains nearly indefinable (Birdsall & Londoño,1997, p. 32). For the sake of this paper, poverty will defined as: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community (PAHO 2014).... [tags: Infant mortality, Infant, United States]
890 words (2.5 pages)
- Humans are mortal beings, therefore with life comes death; this is a certainty. What is not so certain is the quality of life which one will lead thereto; and the variances they will face in life which will underwrite a person’s health. Health, which can be measured, regulates the quality and longevity of people’s lives. People have long since philosophised that it is “luck of the draw” as to who are inflicted with illness or disease. In fact, through research and consensus reports, analysis has concluded that social, economic and environmental influences are contributing factors.... [tags: Socioeconomic Disparities]
1377 words (3.9 pages)
- Common Methods and Limitations The three methods of data collection among the studies were online surveys, face-to-face interviews, and a mixed-method approach. The following eight of the eleven evaluated studies used surveys as the main method of data collection: Cheung, Lim, Guadamuz, Koe & Wei (2015); Cheung, Wei, Koe & Lim (2015); Guadamuz, Cheung, Wei, Koe & Lim (2015); Hanckel, Garcia, Santos & Manalastas (2014); Morisky (2009); Oyomopito et al. (2015); Ross et al. (2013); and Ross et al.... [tags: HIV, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior]
831 words (2.4 pages)
- Socioeconomic Factors that Impact People With HIV Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus better known as HIV is a lentivirus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system which allows life threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. HIV was identified in 1983 and scientist started trying to understand where it came from, when it arisen, and why it spread so quickly. This day in time over 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV.... [tags: life threatening viruses]
1432 words (4.1 pages)
- Sociological Perspective on Health of Young Australians The ability of young Australians to maintain good health is related largely to the following social factors – socioeconomic status, employment, education, gender, ethnicity, aboriginality, geographical location, sexual orientation, peer influence. Compare the impact of these social factors on the health of young rural people to those of young people living in an Australian city. In your answer propose explanations of how each social factor might impact on the health of both groups and discuss any differences, similarities and inequalities that exist.... [tags: Papers]
1652 words (4.7 pages)