The Society Of Oceania Essay

The Society Of Oceania Essay

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The society of Oceania is differentiated by three separate classes which are the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the proles. The proles make up 85% of the population and are considered equivalent to animals, in the eyes of the party they are not human. The only function of the Proles are to work and reproduce. They receive very little education, live in poverty, and are responsible for manual labor, but in exchange they have greater personal freedom. The party does not care much for them therefore they are not under constant surveillance of the telescreen. They are able to enjoy entertainment such as football, pornography, and the lottery. They are not required to wear uniforms, and have the freedom to use cosmetics, divorce, and involve in prostitution without interruption from the party. Within the novel Winston is struck with a thought that breaks away from the ideology of the party, “The proles are human beings...We are not human,” (209). Winston knows that the party strips party members of their emotions and impulses and rob you of all the power in this world and anything you did or did not do made no difference. The party dehumanizes its members until they are no longer humans. The proles on the other hand were never loyal to the party in the first place but rather to one another, they prioritized their individual relationships and emphasized empathy, the proles were still human.
Earlier in the novel, there was a bombing in which the aftermath produced a severed hand lying on the street. Winston kicks the hand into the gutter emotionlessly as if it were just a piece of trash lying on the ground. Winston realizes later what he did and that this is evidence of how he has changed. This shows how the party had affected his se...


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...ended here Winston could still have attained his emotions and characteristics of a human but furthermore, he was now loyal to the party. This loyalty to the party are like chains constraining and keeping one down constantly. “If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—for ever” (337). The increasing power of the party allows the restriction of mankind. The loyalty to the party comes with no freedom, no privacy, no emotions except love for Big Brother. These are truly chains that hold back the spirit of man causing dehumanization. The proles have no loyalty to the party, they are not cared for by the party or interrupted by the party. The proles have been able to live without the party in their lives, and this exclusion is what makes them human, they have kept their freedom, privacy to some extent, and most importantly their emotions.

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