Socialization is a term used by sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and educationalists to refer to the lifelong process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs, values and ideologies, providing an individual with the skills and habits necessary for participating within their own society. Socialization describes a process which may lead to desirable outcomes—sometimes labeled "moral"—as regards the society where it occurs. Individual views on certain issues, for instance race or economics, are influenced by the society 's consensus and usually tend toward what that society finds acceptable or normal.
I’m originally from Nigeria, one of the countries in Africa. I grew up in a very traditional culture, where I had the privilege to build relationships with relatives from my extended family. My parents found it necessary to build a relationship with most of my family relatives. In my family, we all lived as one for a point of time where I had chance to interact with grandparents, uncles and aunties. The quality of the contact between my nuclear family and extended family was fairly good because I had opportunity to learn new things, learn things about my parents and had the chance to see my relatives (cousins, nephews, nieces). I would say the most influential person outside my immediate family was my uncle; he made sure I was accustomed to our culture. He made sure I was able to understand the language of the people, learn about the requirements of my culture, and be able to acquire values and behaviors necessary in that culture. Some of the results of my enculturation or rules that I learned were; being able to greet in our language, understand the need to respect your elders...
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...often leads to tribal confrontations. Also, there are power struggles between Muslims and Christians. There are constant disputes between these two religions solely for the benefit of maintaining their respective values and beliefs in the country.
Lastly, in terms of uncertainty orientation; Since Muslim countries tend to have high uncertainty avoidance, Nigeria is considered as one because half the population is Muslim. Since colonialism, the country has been shifting from one form of government to another and this is because they are constantly uncertain of what the present or the next administration will bring. Thus, “a high uncertainty avoidance ranking indicates the country has a low tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity. This creates a rule-oriented society that institutes laws, rules, regulations, and controls in order to reduce the amount of uncertainty.
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