Socialism And The Post Revolution Into The Pre Industrial Period Essay

Socialism And The Post Revolution Into The Pre Industrial Period Essay

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Socialism as defined by the parameters of the post revolution into the pre industrial period was the nearly universally marked by the race to empower the working class. Yet, within this broad definition of socialism, Karl Marx, Gracchus Babeuf, and Robert Owen differ in their views of a utopian society and how it should be formed. It was to be their difference in tradition that caused their break from it to manifest in different forms. Although they had their differences in procedure and motive, these three thinkers formed a paradigm shift that would ignite class struggle and set in motion historical revolutions into the present. Within their views of a utopian community, these men grappled with the very virtues of humanity: greed versus optimism. As discussed by Marx, Babeuf, and Owen, their conceptions of socialism was the point in which power was returned to the people through the rejection of tradition and the secularization of the state.
These three socialist thinkers are as different as the revolutions that spawned them. Karl Marx, who published the infamous communist manifesto in 1848, hailed from Germany at a time in which he believed was on the cusp of another workers revolution. His ultimate vision for the rise of the proletariat stemmed from the breaking of traditional beliefs that had enslaved the working class for so long. Marx’s view of current industrialized society was that, “The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms…. splitting up into two great hostile camps… Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.” Marx’s problem with capitalism was that it pitted the newly rich against the very poor with a large gap between them. His solution was to stage ...

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... of education for the poor…to think calmly on these subjects… and they will become conscious of the absurdities and inconsistencies in which their forefathers have trained them… they will exert their utmost faculties to remove the cause of so much misery to man.” All three socialist thinkers believed in free education for the working class. However, it was Owen who believed that enlightenment of the masses would bring about real change and long-term stability in government.
The idea that education rather than revolution was an agreeable solution differs greatly from Marx’s version of socialism. Owen’s proposal to create a basic welfare state was but the first step in Marx’s communism. Owen sought to preserve some personal liberties and merely elevate the condition of living for the betterment of society while Marx sought to destroy traditional roles and start anew.

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