These three socialist thinkers are as different as the revolutions that spawned them. Karl Marx, who published the infamous communist manifesto in 1848, hailed from Germany at a time in which he believed was on the cusp of another workers revolution. His ultimate vision for the rise of the proletariat stemmed from the breaking of traditional beliefs that had enslaved the working class for so long. Marx’s view of current industrialized society was that, “The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms…. splitting up into two great hostile camps… Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.” Marx’s problem with capitalism was that it pitted the newly rich against the very poor with a large gap between them. His solution was to stage ...
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... of education for the poor…to think calmly on these subjects… and they will become conscious of the absurdities and inconsistencies in which their forefathers have trained them… they will exert their utmost faculties to remove the cause of so much misery to man.” All three socialist thinkers believed in free education for the working class. However, it was Owen who believed that enlightenment of the masses would bring about real change and long-term stability in government.
The idea that education rather than revolution was an agreeable solution differs greatly from Marx’s version of socialism. Owen’s proposal to create a basic welfare state was but the first step in Marx’s communism. Owen sought to preserve some personal liberties and merely elevate the condition of living for the betterment of society while Marx sought to destroy traditional roles and start anew.
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