In the colonies period, there was a line of distinctions that was drawn to separate deserving poor, meaning those who are not able to provide for themselves, and verses underserving poor, which are those who are able to work, but for whatever reason choice not too. According to the Pennsylvania Society and the New York Society, the deserve poor was classified as widow, children, disable and the old. In the meantime, undeserved poor was categorized as intemperance and lazy individuals (Rockman, 37-56). The notion that undeserved poor was due to individuals’ moral failure dominated conversation on poor reforms. In fact, during the era of scientific charities, which started after 1870s, the same notion was kept (Katz, 72). Led by Josephine Shaw Lowell, during the era of the scientific charities the line between the deserve poor and the underserve poor was clearly drawn. Driven by the idea, “the best help ...
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...ay jobs are done by immigrants. Whether they are first to second generational immigrants, they were used to work jobs and pays waged that majority of American would not work for. Policies on immigration change based on what assets immigrants bring in or what they can contributes to this country. The colonies had the same view as modern day reformers except in their time; many of the foreigner were more seen as a burden to their community.
In conclusion, ideas that shape poor and immigration reforms has not change much since colonies time. There have been many conversation regarding poverty and immigration in American history, and anyone who only look at one period of history would be deceived to believe that there have been crucial changed. The truth is the system has change, but the conversation and ideas that guides poor and immigration reforms remain the same.
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