Karen Bridget Murray’s article, “Governing ‘Unwed Mothers’ in Toronto at the Turn of the Twentieth Century”, is a valuable reference into the struggles and triumphs of social welfare for unwed mothers. For me the article highlighted how government ideologies influence social welfare, how important the change from religious reformers practices to social work was and finally how appalling it is that the struggles and barriers these women faced are still relevant to single mothers today.
Murrays article highlights how Liberal governance ideologies, “assumed... that individuals could and would adapt to the machinations of the market...[and] illegitimate births [were] viewed largely as a individual problem” (Murphy, 2004, pg. 254) and because of this there were few social resources available. However, it was through this lack government initiative that there was a call of action to open religious maternity homes and I think it is important to note how even a lack of government involvement still influences social welfare. I also found it empowering ho...
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- This paper will examine the 1996 Welfare reform bill and how those changes affected Single mothers. It will also provide some historical context that leads up to Welfare reform changes. The policy that will be discussed is the Personal Responsibility, Work and Opportunity Act (PRWORA). The PRWORA created a social program called Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). This program subsequently eliminated a national entitlement based social program called Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC).... [tags: Unemployment, Poverty, Welfare, Poor Law]
1093 words (3.1 pages)
- In today’s society it is not unusual to have a one-parent family with a young mother in charge. Teen mothers having children has increased so much over the years that it’s now a common occurance. Being a young single mother in today’s society is challenging but with the help of government assistance single mothers are finding their way. The government provides help for single mothers through a variety of welfare programs. Welfare programs provide benefits to single mothers with low income - income so low that it is not possible to support a family.... [tags: Teen Mothers, Welfare]
1047 words (3 pages)
- There is a stigma associated with women that are supported by government aid, especially single mothers. The women on welfare are often treated poorly because people think they are ‘working the system’. Tax payers feel as if the single mothers on welfare perpetuated their own poverty by having children that they cannot support, just for a bigger welfare check. They often assume that these women do not work and just live off government handouts. I know of mothers that fit this stereotype; adults still living in their parents houses, rent free, with several children from multiple fathers.... [tags: Sociology ]
1654 words (4.7 pages)
- Since the Welfare reform law was introduced in 1996 it has impacted American society greatly. The new welfare policy, named the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF), replaced the Aid to Family and Dependent Children (AFDC) program; they have five known differences that only affect the ones who need the assistance. Critics argue that the TANF has negatively impacted the society while some argue that it has not. Linda Burnham, author of “Welfare Reform, Family Hardship & Woman of Color,” asserts that “welfare reform has increased the hardship faced by many women leaving welfare for work and their movement into low-wage jobs, exposes them to higher level of housing insecurities, homele... [tags: Welfare]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Social welfare began in 1500-1600 when England commenced an investigation into assisting the impoverished or who they thought fit the class. Their attempts lead to what is now recorded as the “Elizabethan Poor Law of 1598”. The back-and-forth of new social services, reduction of the labor force, breakdown of the outdated system, and the move toward industrialization were the beginning of the Elizabethan government’s role in providing social welfare benefits. These contributions paved the way Roosevelt’s “New Deal” and Johnson’s “Great Society” to implement policies like: The Social Security Act, Unemployment Compensation and Aid to Families with Dependent Children.... [tags: Unemployment, Welfare, Lyndon B. Johnson]
1914 words (5.5 pages)
- ... Households can receive TANF beyond the 60-month limit, by qualifying for a hardship extension. Hardships include domestic violence, disability, caring for a disabled family member, participating in an approved education or training program, certain working families, pregnancy, loss of a job, and other certain emergency situations. In most cases, extensions last as long as you are eligible for it. Only 2% of TANF recipients have been removed from the program as a result of the time limit. The second main component of the reform, which changed the funding structure of cash welfare, had a greater effect.... [tags: Welfare, Unemployment, Welfare trap]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- There are suggestion that welfare recipients need to be drug tested, to make sure that taxpayers are not paying for their drug habits. Why would you want to give government benefits to someone who may, either directly or indirectly use the benefits to support their drug habit. Why can’t we drug test welfare recipients. Last year, Utah Republicans passed and enacted a law that mandated drug testing for welfare recipients. Many people argue that “forcing the welfare recipient to concede to waive their rights to random drug testing is unconstitutional and could be considered, blackmail.”(Drug Testing American Civil Liberties Union).... [tags: Welfare Reform Essays]
1386 words (4 pages)
- The United States Government has pumped more than $3.5 trillion U.S. taxpayer dollars into welfare but, ironically, the poverty rate is higher than when they started (Tanner, Welfare Reform). This outrageous amount of money proves that welfare will lead United States into debt. The original intent of current welfare benefits has failed; therefore the national welfare system must be reformed. To fully understand how to reform the welfare system Americans must know what the history of welfare is, illegitimate births’ obvious connection to crime and welfare, how welfare has failed to keep the poverty rate down, the great problem of dependency, and finally what reforms must be made.... [tags: unemployment, poverty, welfare reform]
1319 words (3.8 pages)
- Welfare Reform On August 22, 1996, Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), now referred to as the welfare reform act, that president Clinton then signed into law. In "From America’s New Working Class,” Kathleen R. Arnold tries to convey her view on how welfare is creating a new lower class worker. Arnold states that “Welfare and workfare indicate bare survival – recipients are not meant to rise even to lower-middle-class status” (344). Arnold’s opinion of the welfare system is that it has been created to “maintain a supply of cheap labor” (342).... [tags: Welfare, Unemployment, Workfare, Welfare trap]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- Welfare has been a safety net for many Americans, when the alternative for them is going without food and shelter. Over the years, the government has provided income for the unemployed, food assistance for the hungry, and health care for the poor. The federal government in the nineteenth century started to provide minimal benefits for the poor. During the twentieth century the United States federal government established a more substantial welfare system to help Americans when they most needed it.... [tags: Origins of Public Welfare Programs]
2743 words (7.8 pages)