Carel B. Germain (1973), states, “The ecological perspective has been proposed as an unifying paradigm that can apply to the numerous and diverse models of social work practice.” Ecosystems theory was an offshoot of functionalism, ecological theory, dynamic system theory, and many other psychological and developmental theories, it is also known as the ecological perspective and the life model (Canda, Chatterjee, and Robbins, 2012). Ec...
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...and why institutionalized patterns of interactions persist (Canda, Chatterjee, and Robbins, 2012). For example, a type of agency could be a community center. In the community center the type of presenting problems are behavior problems of groups. The method is purposive group work, and the definition of the helping situation is problem social issues. The type of focus for this is to explore how lack of opportunities has created the presenting problem (Canda, Chatterjee, and Robbins, 2012). Another example is a community agency. The types of presenting problems are behavior problems of communities. The method would be purposive community work. The definition of the helping situation would be problem social issues, and the type of focus is to create opportunities and explore latent functions of the problem and alternative to that (Canda, Chatterjee, and Robbins, 2012).
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