Social Stratification And Social Inequality Essay

Social Stratification And Social Inequality Essay

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What is Social Stratification and Social Inequality?
Social stratification is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups. In most societies people are evaluated on some basis of some characteristics and are placed in a higher or lower ranking classes. (www.sociologyguide.com) Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Although the United States differs from most European nations that have a titled nobility, the U.S. is still highly stratified. "The division of society into distinct social classes is one of the most striking manifestations of the modern world it has often been the source of other kinds of inequality, and the economic dominance of a particular class has very often been the basis for its political rule.” T. B. Bottomore, 1966
There will be several questions addressed within this essay. How does the lived experience of social class, gender, and race perpetuate social stratification? Does the lived experience of social class, gender, and race allow for any subversion of social class?





Theorists Views on Social Stratification
Orthodox theorists like Marx viewed social stratification as structures that are external to individual and seen to the observer, were as many modern-day theorists believed as Marx but as lived experiences of individuals. Social Stratification is patterned social inequality. It is also the unequal distribution of societal resources. Inequality is patterned indicates that the differences occur on a wide-scale basis with regularity and along li...


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... lower class. As capitalism evolved into socialism the classes would become less stratified. Under communism there would be no class distinctions at all.
Max Weber based class on three important factors. Those factors are wealth, power, and prestige. He believed that society has several layers. The layers of the society eased out tensions between certain group’s owners and workers according to the philosophy of Weber. Marx, who foretold that there would be a revolution in industrial societies. Weber made no predictions because he could see many layers in society. The tensions prevailing between owners and workers could not figure out much according to his philosophy. The philosophy of Marx viewed communist as revolutions. Weber’s idea of social stratification goes beyond wealth and is multi-dimensional. These are the focal differences between Marx and Weber.

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