Social stratification is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups. In most societies people are evaluated on some basis of some characteristics and are placed in a higher or lower ranking classes. (www.sociologyguide.com) Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Although the United States differs from most European nations that have a titled nobility, the U.S. is still highly stratified. "The division of society into distinct social classes is one of the most striking manifestations of the modern world it has often been the source of other kinds of inequality, and the economic dominance of a particular class has very often been the basis for its political rule.” T. B. Bottomore, 1966
There will be several questions addressed within this essay. How does the lived experience of social class, gender, and race perpetuate social stratification? Does the lived experience of social class, gender, and race allow for any subversion of social class?
Theorists Views on Social Stratification
Orthodox theorists like Marx viewed social stratification as structures that are external to individual and seen to the observer, were as many modern-day theorists believed as Marx but as lived experiences of individuals. Social Stratification is patterned social inequality. It is also the unequal distribution of societal resources. Inequality is patterned indicates that the differences occur on a wide-scale basis with regularity and along li...
... middle of paper ...
... lower class. As capitalism evolved into socialism the classes would become less stratified. Under communism there would be no class distinctions at all.
Max Weber based class on three important factors. Those factors are wealth, power, and prestige. He believed that society has several layers. The layers of the society eased out tensions between certain group’s owners and workers according to the philosophy of Weber. Marx, who foretold that there would be a revolution in industrial societies. Weber made no predictions because he could see many layers in society. The tensions prevailing between owners and workers could not figure out much according to his philosophy. The philosophy of Marx viewed communist as revolutions. Weber’s idea of social stratification goes beyond wealth and is multi-dimensional. These are the focal differences between Marx and Weber.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- What is Social Stratification and Social Inequality. Social stratification is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups. In most societies people are evaluated on some basis of some characteristics and are placed in a higher or lower ranking classes. (www.sociologyguide.com) Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society.... [tags: Sociology, Social class, Working class]
1660 words (4.7 pages)
- ... A fifth category of outcastes, referred to as the untouchables, represents 16 percent of the population; its members are considered as lowly and unclean as to have no place within this stratification system. The term caste can also be applied in recent historical contexts outside India. For example, the system of stratification that characterized the southern United States from the end of the Civil War through the 1960s resembled a caste system. These social stratifications create different situations where people of different race, gender, age and ethnic groups interact with one another.... [tags: oppressive systems, unequal economic reward]
980 words (2.8 pages)
- Apart from the natural differences, human beings are also differentiated according to socially approved criteria that are upheld. Haralambos, Holborn and Heard (2004:p 1) stated that social stratification is a form of social inequality that represents distinct social groups which are ranked about the other in terms of factors such as prestige and wealth. Social Stratification draws attention to unequal positions occupied by individuals in society. In the modern industrial world the stratification system that has been dominant is a class system.... [tags: max weber,social inequality,stratification system]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- Social mobility is one of the most important underpinnings throughout the United States (Brenman 2011). While transportation may be perceived as simply transporting individuals from point A to point B, social mobility has a much greater purpose. Transportation builds community, creates opportunity, and forms the social status and social class between individuals and their community. Social class is a reflection of inequality of social mobility which forms divisions between citizens across America as well as in our hometown.... [tags: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification]
1683 words (4.8 pages)
- Historically, social stratification and inequality has played a significant role in the benefits and hindrances that have been conferred to children through a family’s beliefs, values, and social position. The transfer of power from families to social institutions in recent history, has led to the need for individuals to become skilled at interacting and communicating with these institutions to ensure advantages for all family members (Popenoe 1993). Lareau’s findings indicate that middle-class children emerging into adulthood were equipped with the appropriate skills necessary to navigate institutional settings as confident possession of a sense of entitlement and security within their soci... [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- Looking at how food deserts and swamps are more prevalent in lower class neighborhoods we can start to see the inequality, in terms of healthy food availability, between social classes. Shouldn’t something as important as healthy food be available to everyone. One would think yes but for the underclass the idea of “healthy food” can be somewhat of a foreign concept. The principle of equality has long been closely associated with idea of fairness. In Erika Blackshear’s article, Public Values, Health Inequality, and Alternative Notions of a “Fair” Response, she examines the publics values as they relate to social inequalities in health.... [tags: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification]
1400 words (4 pages)
- Weber, Wright and Tilley each contribute various theories to that can be applied to inequality and stratification within the contemporary United States. Reaching back to Weber’s work on class, status and parties, it is clear that this class is still a relevant concept even today. Weber views the class stratification system as a segmented structure, broken down into the simple components of class, status and party which in turn relate to power within a capitalist society. He defined “class situation” in relation to the following conditions (1) "have in common a specific causal component of their life chances in so far as (2) this component is represented exclusively by economic interests in t... [tags: Marxism, Social class, Max Weber, Working class]
1569 words (4.5 pages)
- Though the United States is home to many immigrants, controversy surrounds the issue of immigrants in the United States. The United States in a melting pot of various backgrounds and cultures, yet it is hard for all to merge into acceptance of one another. The first chapter of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and class covers stratification, prejudice and discrimination, and inequality. First, the chapters cover stratification. According to study.com “Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.... [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, United States]
840 words (2.4 pages)
- Social Stratification, also known as stratification, is an organization system for a society, in which individuals are placed and ranked, also called their social position within society. In action, social stratification “places a grid over a society” (Larkin). In definition, “Social stratification is a social system of inequality that takes into account the differences among individual members of the society and ranks individuals, thus creating a social hierarchy” (Larkin). The functioning aspect of stratification is to fill jobs that a society finds necessary and beneficial to its existence.... [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, Social class]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- Societies all through out time have had some form of stratification, but they varied in their degree of inequality. Social stratification is still in effect in today’s American society and creates social inequality. Newman states “Just as geologists talk about strata of rock, which are layered one on top of another, the “social strata” of people are arranged from low to high” (Newman 2014). Everyone is affected by social stratification and categorized based on their occupation and income. Social stratification has been around all through out history in all kinds of different societies.... [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]
1015 words (2.9 pages)