Social Movements Of Social Movement Essay

Social Movements Of Social Movement Essay

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In order to understand the particular relationship which an individual who actively pursues the transformation of a vision for positive social change into a reality has with the external power resources required to manifest such a reality, it is necessary to have a minimal understanding of the specific power resources engaged. One specific power resource which has historically been employed as a vehicle of change is that of a social movement.
Social Movements Defined
In general, social movements have been identified as being “an answer to a threat or hope that is directly linked to the control that a social group has over its capacity to make decisions, to control changes” (Touraine, 2002, p. 1). Adding to this, McCarthy and Zald state that social movements focus upon supporting or opposing specific social changes, and that social change organizations formally identify and implement said type goals (1977, pp. 1217-1219). Likewise, Jenkins and Perrow state that social movements emerge as a result of discontent that is shared by enough people that a collective effort to improve conditions and lesson discontent will take place. However, these researchers hypothesize that effectiveness of social movements does not rely upon resources available to it, whether that be financial, membership, or social power. Instead, effectiveness relies specifically upon active political support (Jenkins & Perrow, 1977, pp. 266-267).
Exemplification Through Agricultural and Food Solidarity Economy Movements
Food focused social solidary economy movements have developed at the local level for several decades in the Global South in response to the increasingly global issue of food insecurity, and more recently in the Global North ...


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...ty AFMs provide a forum through which individuals may generate economic sustainability through the production of goods and services, while taking part in a collective decision making process (Kritikos, Bolle & Tan, 2007, pp. 76, 88; Lewis & Swinney, 2008, pp. 29, 30). Consider the Calmañana herb co-operative founded by Uruguayan women motivated by the need to enhance food and financial security. The overarching goals of this movement was to increase agency and leadership roles of women in an otherwise male dominated agricultural industry, through teaching members how to diversify and add to their family farm income by producing and marketing herbs and related products (Oliver, 2016, pp. 28-37). Members of this movement were successful in meeting many personal and social movement goals through increased production and profit generated by growing and marketing herbs.

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