Social movements as cultural exchanges have been a longstanding function of human history, from John Wilkes and the Society for the Supporters of the Bill of Rights in 1769 to the development of the American Civil Rights movement. These various social movements have formed in the fight against key processes such as industrialisation and have addressed matters including inequality. In analysing the reasons for the emergence of current social movements, the ways in which the current processes of globalisation are distinct or different from previous global interactions is revealed. This essay will incorporate Wallerstein’s world systems analysis to examine the dominance of capitalist modes of production and how conflict has arisen as a result. Moreover, the conflict that has ensued will be analysed with Starr’s perspective regarding collective action against globalisation to reveal how cultural exchanges have been conceptualised as being part of the global process. Lastly, close examination of The Zapatista Movement and the factors leading to its inception will continue to reveal how the current processes of globalisation are unique and characterised by liberal ideals and a capitalist mode of production. A combination of these elements highlight the way in which certain attributes of the global process reveal the unique nature of today’s global interactions.
Wallerstein’s world systems analysis states that the mode of production specifies social organisation and the division of production and of surpluses is also determined by the mode of production. The various modes of production which Wallerstein designates “mini-systems” that are essentially autonomous predominately emphasise subsistence but not necessarily developmen...
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...within the global system.
Current global processes greatly differ and are vastly unique from previous global interactions. Modern globalisation is characterised by a world system governed by capitalist mode of production, As capitalism has taken over mini-systems according to Wallerstein’s world systems analysis. This statement holds significance as it is found true in the examination of current social movements. The study of current social movements, including autonomous movements and the underlying processes that brought these movements into action continue to prove that nature of the current process of globalisation which has conceptualised economic, cultural, political and technological exchanges as a global process highlights the dominant nature of the capitalist mode of production which differentiates the contemporary global system to previous interactions.
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- Social movements as cultural exchanges have been a longstanding function of human history, from John Wilkes and the Society for the Supporters of the Bill of Rights in 1769 to the development of the American Civil Rights movement. These various social movements have formed in the fight against key processes such as industrialisation and have addressed matters including inequality. In analysing the reasons for the emergence of current social movements, the ways in which the current processes of globalisation are distinct or different from previous global interactions is revealed.... [tags: Capitalism, Globalization, Sociology]
1421 words (4.1 pages)
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