"Health is a social, economic and political issue and above all a fundamental human right. Inequality, poverty, exploitation, violence and injustice are at the root of ill-health" (Braum, 2008, p.3).The Maori model of Health, in particular "Whare Tapa Wha" is based on four simple key aspects to ensure overall general health and well being, Taha Wairua, Taha Hinengaro, Taha Tinana and Taha Whanau. These are the basic foundations or stepping stones to an significant determinant of good health, that can be found across the many multiple health models (Durie, 1998, p.66). This model has a mezzo focus, taking the micro of the individuals well being and focusing on the spiritual, mental and physical aspects, whereas the macro side looks at the "individuals wider social systems" (Durie, 2008, p.69) in the community. The Social model of Health being macro, is dependant on socio economic influences such as political, social, cultural and psychological has impacted on the environment is universally widespread "people who are less well off have substantially shorter life expectancies and more illness then the rich" (Wilkinson, 2003, p.g 1). This essay will compare and contrast the Maori model of Health Whare Tapa Wha and Social model of Health, and suggest why Whare Tapa Wha is more effective for Maori individuals in promoting healthy living and well being in New Zealand.
According to a number authors (McNeil, Paterson; Sundborn; DeSouza; Weblemoe; McKinney and Smith 2008, p.95) "Human experience involves a number of dynamics, Cultural understanding and awareness have significant impact on health and wellbeing". Maori culture and heritage is still practiced by some individu...
... middle of paper ...
...Walke, S. (2007). Health in the Context of Aotearoa New Zealand (1st Ed.) Melbourne: Oxford University Press
Durie. M (1998) Tirohanga Maori: Maori health perspectives. in Whaiora: Maori health developement (pp. 66-80). Auckland: Oxford University Press.
Jones, L. (1997). What is Health? Promoting Health: Knowledge and Practice. In J. Katz and A. Peberdy (Eds.), Promoting Health (pp. 18-36). Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan and Open University.
McNeill, H., Paterson, J., Sundborn, G., DeSouza, R., Weblemoe, T., McKinney, C., and Smith, N., (2010). Culture, Health and Wellbeing. In S. Shaw and B. Deed (Eds), Health and Environment in Aotearoa/New Zealand (pp. 95-109 and 118-124). Auckland: Oxford University Press.
World Health Organisation. (2003). Social Determinants of Health: The Solid Facts. (Richard Wilkinson and Michael Marmot Editors) Copenhagen. Author.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Essay question 1: Critically discuss the biomedical model and social model of health and how they relate to lay perspectives on health and illness. Introduction: For this essay I am going to critically discuss the biomedical model as well as the social model of health and how they both relate to the lay perspectives on health and illness. In 1948 the World Health Organisation (WHO) defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.... [tags: Health, Health care, Illness, Medicine]
1176 words (3.4 pages)
- One of the biggest issues effecting Indigenous Australians is inequality, this negative one-sided view has led to many young Aboriginals leading a life of social disparity. The dispossession of Indigenous Australians has been looked upon for many years. The colonisation by the British reduced the number of Indigenous people significantly; they reduce so much they are now only 2% of Australia’s population. Due to the colonisation this bought many diseases and sickness that Indigenous people had never been exposed to before.... [tags: Indigenous Australians, Australia]
1220 words (3.5 pages)
- There are many dimensions of inequality, which have the greatest impact on health outcomes. These dimensions are class, sex and gender and ethnicity. The health outcomes are different for each country. World Health Organisation defines 'health ' as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity" (1948). John Germov (2013, p. 16) wrote a chapter on ‘Imagining Health Problems as Social Issues’ in Second Opinion: An Introduction to Health Sociology, he mentions the ‘social model of health’ where the social determinants of health, which are economic, social and cultural factors, are being looked at closely to how these factors are... [tags: Sociology, Working class, Illness, Public health]
2085 words (6 pages)
- Sexual Risk Teen Pregnancy Prevention (Condom) Section 1- Health Belief Model The health belief model (HBM) is a psychosocial model that was developed during the 1950’s by social psychologists of the U.S public health services, and this model was used to explain why people failed to participate in disease prevention and detection programs. The theory is one of the most health behavior theories, which is used to explain behavior change and maintenances, but often times used to predict behavior outcome (Glanze, Rimer, & Lewis, 2002).... [tags: health belief model, condoms]
1459 words (4.2 pages)
- Through various evaluations of our campaign goals and objectives, there are two theories that would positively impact the outcome of our nutrition programs in public schools, the social cognitive theory and the health belief model. These theories will help us identify the factors causing childhood obesity in the United States and how we can work towards a resolution. Both of these theories focus on social aspects of the health risk and they relate the outcomes to the change of behavior and attitudes for the unhealthy habit.... [tags: Health, Nutrition, Health care, Public health]
1214 words (3.5 pages)
- As declared by Article 25 of the Universal Declaration¬ of Human Rights, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control” (The United Nations, 1948). Although such is stated in the Declaration, it does not guarantee that every person within the society is living adequately.... [tags: Health, Epidemiology, Social status]
759 words (2.2 pages)
- An Evaluation of the Health Belief Model The goal of this paper is to evaluate and discuss the Health Belief Model, its origins, development, key terms and application; review current research that uses the health belief model as a framework for evaluating health related behaviors and provide an example of how the theory can be applied in modern nursing practice. History of the Health Belief Model In the nineteen fifties, a group of social psychologists at the United States Public Health Service developed the Health Belief Model (HBM) in an attempt to understand the widespread failure of people to participate in screenings for asymptomatic disease; an early example being the failure of large... [tags: Health, Health care, Public health, Medicine]
1113 words (3.2 pages)
- If one takes the time to study the medical model view on health there is often evidence to suggest that it is one of the eldest models created to help define mental illness compared to the social model which is relatively new (Pender, 1996) and still holds dominance (Bowling, 2005). Even though there are different phases used in order to strengthen the medical model such as “biomedical model”, “disease model”, “medical model” and “preventive model” all of them are used interchangeably in the compound of literature and upon review it is discovered that the views of each model is either the same or similar.... [tags: Medicine, Health care, Health, Sociology]
1209 words (3.5 pages)
- The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in its 1948 constitution as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (Who,1946). The Biomedical model of health focuses on the physical or biological aspects of disease and illness. It is a medical model of care practised by doctors and/or health professional and is associated with the diagnosis, cure and treatment of disease. The Biomedical model of health has been evolving for many years leading to improvements in medical science, technology, increase in cures and treatments ie: increase in vaccinations /immunizations emphasis on diagnosis and tre... [tags: Health care, Medicine, Health, Personal life]
1272 words (3.6 pages)
- The Health Belief Model (HBM) of health behaviour change was originally developed in the 1950s in order to understand and explain why vaccination and screening programs being implemented at the time were not meeting with success (Edberg 2007). It was later extended to account for preventive health actions and illness behaviours (Roden 2004). Succinctly, it suggests that behaviour change is influenced by an individuals’ assessment of the benefits and achievability of the change versus the cost of it (Naidoo and Wills 2000).... [tags: Health Care ]
1835 words (5.2 pages)