Essay Social Media & Disaster Response

Essay Social Media & Disaster Response

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Introduction
Social media has become both popular and crucial in crisis and emergency communications. Responders are not only communicating to their public through social media outlets, the public is communicating with each other, and with responders. Individuals are able to provide important information on disaster impacts, including location and imagery, using nothing more than a smartphone equipped with a camera and GPS locator. One particular technology from Ushahidi offers an interesting way for responders and affected individuals to communicate with one another in the course of a disaster response. The Ushahidi BRCK offers an application of technology that, while not originally designed for use in the emergency management field, has an application in the response to a disaster. This and other technologies contribute to the ever changing way responders and individuals communicate.
Social Media Pros
Social media sites including Twitter and Facebook are in their infancy yet play an increasingly important role in the response to a disaster. After all, “one of the basic tenants of emergency management is mass communication and being able to deliver pertinent information to those who need it” (Gould, 2012). Social media offers an avenue to obtain up to the minute information on a given situation right in an individual's hands thanks to the proliferation of mobile devices. “Each disaster sparks its own complex web of fast-paced information exchange. It can both improve disaster response and allow affected populations to take control of their situation as well as feel empowered” (Maron, 2013). While traditional forms of media, print, radio and television in particular, have been the standard since the inception of the emerg...


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...agement. Retrieved from http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/courseOverview.aspx?code=IS-42
Gould, K. (2012). The benefits of social media for emergency management. Retrieved from http://nwism.com/social-media/the-benefits-of-social-media-for-emergency-management/
Luna, L. (2011). Social media: Uncharted waters for government. Retrieved from http://urgentcomm.com/blog/social-media-uncharted-waters-government
Maron, D. (2013). How social media is changing disaster response. Retrieved from
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-social-media-is-changing-disaster-response/
Stephens, K. (2010), How can the emergency management community use technology to improve resilience?. Retrieved from http://idisaster.wordpress.com/2010/09/23/how-can-we-use-technology-to-improve-community-resilience/
Ushahidi. (n.d.). BRCK. Retrieved from http://ushahidi.com/products/brck/

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