Essay about Social Media And The Arab Spring Revolution

Essay about Social Media And The Arab Spring Revolution

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According to the data from the Arab Social Media Report in 2011 by Mourtada and Salem, the amount of social media usage increased immensely during the Arab Spring period from January 1st to March 30th. The number of Facebook users in the Arab nations almost doubled, up from 14,791,972 (as of April 2010) to 27,711,503 (as of April 2011) (Mourtada and Salem 9). Similarly, in the first three months of 2011, the number of tweets increased from 55 million to 155 million a day (Mourtada and Salem 15). This increase in social media usage was used to spread awareness regarding the Arab Spring revolution. The Arab Spring was a series of democratic revolutions in the Middle East that resulted in government changes in some Arab countries. According to Howard and Hussain in Democracy 's Fourth Wave, during the Arab Spring, four of the world 's authoritarian leaders - Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia, Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak of Egypt, Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen, and Muammar Gaddafi of Libya - were ousted after decades in power. In order to achieve an effective and quick uprising, as in the case of the Arab Spring, activists used social media to disseminate their democratic views, mobilize protesters, and organize their activities; social media was an effective tool for the success of the Arab Spring and beyond.
First, social media like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are the main tools that activists attracted protesters in their country and also internationally. According to Fahim in "Slap to a Man’s Pride Set Off Tumult in Tunisia," on Dec. 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia, a street vendor, placed himself on fire after a policewoman embarrassed him in public and foreclosed his fruit stand. After a few weeks, the images ...

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...ol in the fight for democracy in the Arab Spring of 2011 because activists used social media not only to spread out their democratic thoughts, motivate protesters, but also to organize demonstrators’ activities. According to an Egyptian activist, “We use Facebook to schedule the protests, Twitter to coordinate, and YouTube to tell the world” (qtd. in Chebib and Sohail 139). The democratic activists achieved a significant victory when the Arab Spring could spread out in a dozen countries across the Middle East and beyond. In spite of the government 's attempts to block and restrain social media, it is impossible to utterly control the information to the outer world. The Arab Spring has demonstrated the important role of social media in attracting protestors within the nation as well as internationally. With time, people will realize the important role of social media.

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