However, the particular need assessments I will be discussing will be homelessness. McKinney Act (1987) defines a homeless person as: “(1) an individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and (2) an individual who has a primary nighttime residence that is (a) a supervised, publicly or privately operated shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations (including welfare hotels, congregate shelters, and transitional housing for the mentally ill), (b) an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals intended to be institutionalized, or (c) a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
The definition of homelessness stated in the act by McKinney provides a comprehensive understanding of the meaning of homelessness; this problem is very real in our world today and most especially in the Silver City rural community. But my main focus on this particular definition is on the individuals who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
It is an obvious issue in the community. Poor people who do not have the resources to live in an apartment because there is no affordable accommodation or shelter wander around with their belongings from one location to the next.
Also, those with mental problems are part of this group. There is no mental institution in the community that can help them with the addic...
... middle of paper ...
...low-income housing for the homeless. With this, there will be a reduction of homelessness in the community.
As well as to work in partnership with government officials and other important personalities, that may help in the fight for the homeless people.
Conversely, the social work theory approach that supports this concept in addressing these issues is the empowerment theory. Gutierrez (1990) conceptualized empowerment as the process of increasing personal, interpersonal or political power to improve the lives of marginalized people. An approach to advocate for the homeless where there is a struggle to change their life circumstance.
The empowerment imperative also requires that social workers help people become aware of the tensions and conflicts that oppress and limit them and help them free themselves from these restraints (Pinderhughes, 1994).
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