The first theory we are going to cover is the Field theory. This theory focuses on how groups function in an effort to achieve their goals and how they are impacted by forces found in the environment. We will be focusing on the positive and negative valences of this social work group, the cohesion for the president and vice president of the group, leadership, roles, and norms of the group.
Valences are forces that push toward, positive, or pull away, negative, from involvement and participation in the group. The positive valences for this group are working as a group and helping the community through their volunteer work. Some negative valences of this group is the interpersonal feuding between LaTonya, president, and Bert, vice president as it could create tension with the rest of the group. Also members might feel like they can’t talk without being cut off like when LaTonya cut Bert off.
Cohesion is the collective sum of forces encouraging members to stay in the group. For the group as a whole the cohesion is wanting to volunteer and help people in the community. Cohesion for Latonya, president, is getting as much accomplished at meetings as she can, to set goals and complete them, she is very serious about her position as president. Cohesion for Bert is competing for power and control of me...
... middle of paper ...
...otional reaction by group members; the bitter fighting between LaTonya and Bert might stop if LaTonya takes Bert aside one on one and figures out what he is really upset about. Bert defense mechanism is acting out. A defense mechanism is any unconscious attempt to adjust to conditions.
These four theories; Field theory, Social Exchange theory, Learning theory, and Psychoanalytic theory are just a few theories used to assess groups like Social Work Club. It allows you to see what works for the group, what does not, and even helps see how to make it better. There are many aspects even in this theories that you could look farther into for this group, however this gives you a pretty good insight in how this Social Work Club Functions.
Kirst-Ashman, K. (2011). Human behavior in the macro social environment. (3rd ed., pp. 68-77). Belmont, CA: Brookes/Cole.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction In developing my ability to analyze conflict from different theoretical perspectives, I have learned through different theories how to practice different steps to manage my reactions to them. What I hope to accomplish within my paper is a general broad overview analysis of my experience with both Interpersonal Theories and Relationship Theories. I also wish to explain how when conflicts do arise, the steps on what people should do when making choices when they communicate in conflict situations.... [tags: Social Exchange Theory in Relationships]
2036 words (5.8 pages)
- Throughout the lifetime of an average human being, one will meet thousands of people, form hundreds of acquaintances, make many close friends, and have multiple romantic relationships. The idea that what encourages an individual to voluntarily turn an acquaintance into a close friend, or into a romantic partner, is that the relationship is seen as profitable is called the Social Exchange Theory. The basis of Social Exchange Theory is that individuals tend to choose to form or continue relationships where the rewards outweigh the costs of the relationship.... [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Exchange]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- Social Exchange theory was created by George Homans in 1958. Since its publication as “Social Behavior as Exchange”, several other theorists like Peter Blau, Richard Emerson, John Thibaut, and Harold Kelley have contributed to the theory. Before diving into the biggest concepts of this theory, two main properties need to be discussed. This theory is all about social exchanges, which are essentially reactions and decisions in relationships. The two properties are self-interest and interdependence.... [tags: Social Behavior as Exchange]
1693 words (4.8 pages)
- Every relationship we encounter in our lives hold a value of worth. The process of social exchange theory is what helps us exam the worth of a relationship. Marriage is often a reaction to the results of social exchange theory. The commitment of marriage does not mean we are eliminating or ignoring the cost in a relationship, but means we are accepting the cost with the willingness to adapt. The act of adapting in a relationship is brought on by the grace of God, which is built on the foundation of our heavenly Father 's authority.... [tags: Marriage, Love, Husband, Wife]
1180 words (3.4 pages)
- Everyone is part of some organization or a group, however, many people to stop and think about what drives the group, what keeps the group together, or how the group functions as a whole. In this paper we will be looking at a group, Social Work Club, and be applying four theories; Field theory, Social Exchange theory, Learning theory, and Psychoanalytic theory to the group to understand the function of it. Field Theory The first theory we are going to cover is the Field theory. This theory focuses on how groups function in an effort to achieve their goals and how they are impacted by forces found in the environment.... [tags: field theory, cohesion]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- It is hard for me to point out the greatest weakness of interpersonal communication, so, in this section, I will discuss about what I think as the most questionable part of interpersonal communication: Social Exchange Theory (SET). I will start with a brief summary of the theory, including some examples of its usage in some areas of research. Then, I will move to the reasons why I consider this as the most questionable part of interpersonal communication. I will end this section with a suggestion for future research.... [tags: social psychological and sociological perspective]
1057 words (3 pages)
- Social Exchange Theory: Critique In everyday interactions, people are always striving to have a positive experience among those whom they interact with. Social Exchange Theory (SET) is based on the notion that people think about their relationships in economic terms (West 186). People will consider the cost of being in that relationship and compare them to the rewards they receive from that same relationship. Cost would consist of any negative elements of the relationship, such as effort put into the relationship.... [tags: Humans, Interactions, Positive Experiences]
1261 words (3.6 pages)
- Social Exchange Theory (SET), a theory based around basic economic principles, evaluation of relationships; consisting of four measures and has been argued whether or not it’s even a theory at all. Richard M. Emerson, a former theorist suggests that SET is “a frame of references within which many theories –some micro and some macro–can speak to one another, whether in argument or mutual support” (Emerson, 1976, p. 336). SET is based on how humans evaluate relationships by making rational calculations based on costs and rewards, designed to maximize individual profit.... [tags: Rewards,Costs, Economy]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- The theory I originally chose to critique was the Social Exchange and Rational Choice framework from our class book. I chose this theory because when we talked about it in class it made a lot of sense to me. Its propositions and foundations are very applicable to many situations, and I felt like I had a good grasp of its concepts and structure. However, in doing research for this paper, I discovered that contrary to what our book led me to believe, Social Exchange is a theory entirely separate from Rational Choice theory.... [tags: Sociology, Theory Comparison]
1971 words (5.6 pages)
- Social Exchange Theory 2 Application of: The Social Exchange Theory In everyday interactions people are always looking to have a positive experience among those with whom they interact. According to the Social Exchange theory, with each interaction an individual has with another, that individual attempts to maximize the positive outcomes and minimize the negative. The purpose of this paper is to apply the Social Exchange theory to an authentic real life situation to best illustrate the theory and the key concepts that it holds.... [tags: essays research papers]
1543 words (4.4 pages)