Social Differentiation And Social Stratification Essay

Social Differentiation And Social Stratification Essay

Length: 1161 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Question 1
Social differentiation is a term that is commonly associated with social stratification. Some can come to believe that they are the same thing but they are different sociological elements. Social differentiation is just a simple way to differentiate between people within a society. The differentiation can be as simple as biological factors. These factors consist of things like age, gender, and other biological traits and characterizes. Social differentiation can involve differentiating people through their jobs. This differentiation does not put the jobs in order, just lists them simply.
Differentiation can lead to social stratification. The list of jobs can soon become a list that is ranks in importance. The ranks then determine the rewards that are received by people within the differentiation. The resources of the society are then unequally shared based on a person’s job, or biology characteristics. This turns into resources being given to those who have power in the society (Marger, 2013).

Question 2
There are many aspects to social stratification. Everyone in a society strives for the ability to gain resources that are considered to be important. Not everyone has the same chances, though, creating an inequality of opportunity. This can depend on the life chances that people have. Everyone has different life chances. Some have the ability to get a good education and opportunities. Life chance is based mainly in family that a person is born into. A child born into a successful family has a better chance of getting a good education and being successful as well. They have a better chance in the justice system as well, being able to afford better lawyers. People who are not as fortunate and have low incomes, gener...


... middle of paper ...


...elieve that they can do anything they put their minds to. This value ignores factors about situations, and family status.
Another important value in America is work ethic. It is the attitude that “if you work hard enough, you will be successful in whatever you do” (Wills, 2005, p.389). To be successful economically a person has to be willing to work hard and have a good work ethic. If someone fails, it is due to not working hard enough. Work ethic is a value that leads to upward mobility, in the eyes of American’s.
Equality of opportunity is an unrealistic value of Americans. Everything is supposedly equal and that anyone can achieve their goals and dreams. This is not the reality of the situation, though. People have different life chance and not everything is equal for everyone. Some are denied this equality based on things like race, or background.












Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Social Stratification & Mobility Essay

- Social Stratification & Mobility Individuals in today’s society are separated by many different factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, and economic status. Another form of separation is that of stratification. There are four major systems of stratification slavery, caste, estate, and class. “Social stratification means the differentiation of a given population into hierarchically superposed classes.”(Sorokin, 1964, p. 11) Stratification can either be in the form of an open or closed system. The closed system is one that allows minimal to no movement within the system....   [tags: Sociology]

Better Essays
1805 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on Philanthropy and Elite Social Stratification in America

- Philanthropy and Elite Social Stratification in America I. Introduction When describing social stratification in America, the essential variables are economic. This rule is valid for a high percentage of Americans; but looking only at economic stratification especially misses the point when it comes to the gap between the Old Money social elite and the New Money elite. As Francine Ostrower puts it, "the social elite is an elite of status. It is characterized by solidarity within the group, social exclusivity and a distinctive cultural identity…[they are] a core within the larger elite" (1995:12)....   [tags: Social Class Essays]

Better Essays
3694 words (10.6 pages)

How Differentiation Is The Way People Are Classified By Others Within A Society

- Differentiation is the way people are classified by others within a society. There are various types of differentiation to include; gender, age ethnicity and class. A population can be divided into unequal layers or strata according to importance, wealth and status this is known as stratification. Slavery, caste system, feudal estate and social class are all different stratification systems (Moore, 2010). Societies can be divided into different stratas which are made up of a hierarchy of unequal social group; this is known as social stratification....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Marxism]

Better Essays
1425 words (4.1 pages)

History of Social Divisions in Society and the Role of the Social Worker

- Power and powerlessness go hand in hand as to have one the other must exist. As society is not egalitarian and never shall be, there will always be inequalities. These inequalities can be on both personal and structural levels. To enable us to understand power and social work we must firstly understand the theoretical explanation of the distribution of power, privilege, prestige and powerlessness within western society by looking at social divisions, class and their positions within society. Marx was interested in the theories of economic development, he believed that economy was dominated by agriculture and power was held by the aristocratic landowner, in the period when manufacture was the...   [tags: social work]

Better Essays
1519 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Market Situation With Property And Lack Of Property

- and the opportunities of income, and (3) the casual component is represented under the condition of the commodity or about market (‘class situations’)” (p.138). Ritizi-Messner et al., (2010) acknowledges that the mode of distribution is according to the law of marginal utility, which not include the non-wealth from competing for high valued goods and give the owners the monopoly of the acquired goods. The mode of distribution monopolizes on the opportunities of profitable deal for those who provided good that are not exchange to them....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Better Essays
1576 words (4.5 pages)

Development Of African History During The Twentieth Century Essay

- Class played a major role in the development of African history in the twentieth century. Specifically, class differentiation contributed to the political movements and social disparities that characterized the continent during the time period. An example of the importance of land in social class is the growth of Mau Mau. After Governor Eliot encouraged the settlement of whites in Kenya in 1902, many of these white settlers set up a system of agriculture through land grants given to them by Eliot....   [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, Social class]

Better Essays
966 words (2.8 pages)

The Functionalist View of Stratification Essay

- Functionalism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which a complex pattern of social structures and arrangements contributes to social order. It was designed to carry out the essential functions of human life. A flaw in functionalist perspective is that we have rarely seen anything approaching equilibrium in human society. Ultimately, change is seen as a dysfunction within this school of thought. Two prominent theorists within the functionalist school of thought were Emile Durkheim and Talcott Parsons....   [tags: Sociology ]

Better Essays
1825 words (5.2 pages)

Social Stratification : The Perceptions Of Social Stratification In Society

- Introduction: Social status is defined as an individual’s position, often relative to others, in a group or society as characterized by certain benefits and responsibilities as determined by an individual’s rank and role. Social status is everywhere in society and in your everyday life, most of the things you have experienced are because of either your social status or your parent’s social status. Many of the people you meet and make connections with throughout your life tend to be in the same social status as you....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Social stratification]

Better Essays
1614 words (4.6 pages)

Social Stratification And Social Class Essay

- Social class is a rather large group of individuals who share a related or similar position in an economic system in a particular society. In the concept of social class, different dimensions coexist such as income, authority, wealth, power, prestige, occupation, education, race, and ethnicity. In order to fully understand the concept of social class one must understand and grasp the concept of social stratification. Social stratification is a system by which a particular society ranks individuals into different categories in a certain hierarchy....   [tags: Social class, Working class, Social stratification]

Better Essays
1584 words (4.5 pages)

Stratification And Social Psychology Research Essay

- Stratification is a term used to define the hierarchical arrangement of people living in the same society. This classification is based on different aspects among their wealth or financial status. Sociology has a long history of studying stratification in a move to explain what causes stratification in a society and discovering the various kinds of inequality witnessed in the societies. Inequality means that people have unequal access to the available scarce resources in the society. Some of these resources are economical, political, or social....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Social stratification]

Better Essays
1390 words (4 pages)