Even though many of the sciences were formally constructed in the late 1800s the ideologies and theories – White is the supreme race, non-White people are inferior, White people were the ones who had all the achievements in the world - the sciences were created from had been discussed a long time before. The idea of race superiority has existed since but at that time it was supported by religion and God. In the early 16th century, a Swiss physician named Paracelus developed a theory stating that God created the white race as the superior race, and created a hierarchy of races arranged by God. This theory was the main contributor to polygenism. The move to supporting these ideologies by logic and reason came during the Age ...
... middle of paper ...
...and the Negro’s inferiority and closeness to the ape were made to seem ‘natural.’ In 1868, Ernst Haeckel, a German biologist published a book named Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte (which translates to Natural History of Creation in English)
(In the top left hand corner is a European man, signifying him as the most superior, and the rank goes down to the Negro man, who is right next to the ape.)
(Part of conclusion) While, yes, these theories about race superiority and inferiority had been around for ages, it wasn’t until the late 19th century during the peak of British imperialism when these theories were used to create sciences to justify the empire. These sciences were produced to justify imperialism in a credible way because it would have been hard to try to discredit science, especially since social Darwinists and eugenicists had ample, but skewed, evidence.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Darwin and Evolution are inextricably linked in the minds of most people who have had the opportunity to study them in basic biology. However, Darwin's theories of selection and survival of the fittest have been applied to moral, economic, political, and other cultural aspects of society. Dennett briefly touched on some of the political and social ramifications of Darwin's theories in the final chapter of Darwin's Dangerous Idea. Other philosophers and thinkers have also adapted Darwin's evolutionary ideas, in order to apply them in a societal or cultural context.... [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]
801 words (2.3 pages)
- Social Darwinism was a set of theories developed by various people during the 19th century. It was the adaptation of Darwin theory of evolution applied to human social behavior and ability to survive compared to other human beings. It can now easily be seen that these theories could be used to justify racial discrimination and they have been used in this way throughout history. This misconception of Darwin’s theories popularized by various academics in the west gave western nations to treat other nations badly.... [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]
2028 words (5.8 pages)
- Social Darwinism was one of the most powerful movements in the nineteenth century Germany, believes professor Jerry Bergman. As the movement escalated, Jews became non-human to the Germans. That was one of the reasons the Nazis did not feel any remorse at the time, because they had deprived the Jews of every piece of humanity that they obtained. Social Darwinism was first brought up by British philosopher and sociologist, Herbert Spencer. Social Darwinism goes back to the earliest form, which is Darwinism.... [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]
1872 words (5.3 pages)
- The interplay and relationship between Social Darwinism and Social Welfare in the United States typify the nation's struggle to make the best of a capitalist society, while at the same time correcting pitfalls. Social Darwinism in our capitalist society compares wealth with fitness, but historically, unregulated markets given the false sanction of natural law have proven out that Darwinist economic competition has a destructive side for society. The role of raw power, the frequency of failure and the spirit of want has out of necessity, fostered a fiscal and monetary policy defined as social welfare, in order to conserve some commitment and core of resistance to the corrosive impact of ma... [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]
1245 words (3.6 pages)
- In 1859 Charles Darwin published his work, On the Origin of Species, which was to cause a revolution in the understanding of biology. From the beginning, this scientific theory gave way to multiple misinterpretations and missapropriations by different kinds of theorists and especially by social scientists. In order to explain these misunderstandings, one must first point the main differences between darwinism and other forms of evolutionary theories, especially, Lamarckism. Analysis will follow the pointing out of some of the misinterpretations carried out during the XIXth century, while Charles Darwin was still alive.... [tags: Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- The study of eugenics has been around for many years. China has one of the leading birth control systems containing the one child policy and Eugenics. Eugenics is a system of improving human population by promoting the most socially desirable individuals to reproduce while preventing the socially undesirables from reproduction. Eugenics comes from the Greek word meaning “good” or “well born.” It is the belief that some people are genetically superior to others; and that one inherits their relatives’ mental and psychological traits.... [tags: one child policy, china]
724 words (2.1 pages)
- At the end of the nineteenth century, society was divulging in all the new scenes in literature and society: realism, romanticism, naturalism, etc. The people of this time tended to veer towards the newly presented socialism. The idea of Social Darwinism, that humans compete in a struggle for existence in which natural selection results in survival of the fittest, prevailed at this time (Social Darwinism). This idea interested the young mind of Frank Norris, who happened to be a naturalist. Norris was a proclaimed socialist who showed his support for the idea of Social Darwinism through his works.... [tags: Natural selection, Charles Darwin]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- The Academic anthropology in the US rose together along with American imperialism, before the 1880s anthropology was basically called ethnology back then. Samuel Morton, Josiah Nott and Louis Agassiz helped to create the first school of anthropology in the nineteenth century, which was considered to be a big deal because not everyone was able to do this. In the nineteenth century colleges and organizations and journals , were established for anthropology. Universities and Smithsonian institution gave anthropology academic credentials as discipline in the US.... [tags: Anthropology, Race, African American, Ethnology]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- Themes include social Darwinism, which metaphorically encourages individuals to fight to the finish in order to receive rewards. The ways in which the black community’s strongest and wildest members take advantage of their fellows, refusing to cooperate against the common white enemy just as Tatlock refuses to fake defeat; the corrupting influence of prizes and praise on the narrator himself; and the need for the white establishment to maintain symbolic as well as literal power over the black community.... [tags: Black people, White people, Racism, Race]
991 words (2.8 pages)
- Early in American history, refusing to work and trying to prevent others from working in an attempt to improve working conditions was considered a criminal offense, and could be tried as a criminal conspiracy. Disruption of labor was seen as harmful to society, and philosophies such as social Darwinism and laissez faire economics discouraged government action. This political atmosphere slowly began to change over the course of the 19th century due to changes in the American workforce. An influx of immigrants and working women changed the makeup of laborers, and early trade unions focused more on skilled workers than industrial ones.... [tags: Trade union, Collective bargaining]
1086 words (3.1 pages)