There are some concepts of Bourdieu’s thoughts that help to clarify the differences in parenting styles of childrearing in various social classes such as middle class, working class and poor families. First, I would like to illustrate the role of social capital in parenting styles. Social class is the type of social network an individual is set with. In other word, social class refers to the connection to others. Because social capital associated with class, as Bourdieu said, we are able to recognize in Lareau’s article that middle class, working class and poor families are different between each other in term of social capital. Social connection is different from middle class and working class and poor families. Parents and children in middle class related with teachers, professors and friends who participate in the same activities. Moreover, people in the middle class do not have a strong connection with relatives. For example, Alexander, a child from black middle class, goes with his mother to visit his grandparents twice a year and the interactions with his cousins are not normally ...
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...ions. He interrupts his doctor’s conversation with his mother and asks question to his doctor. By contract, children in working class or poor families frequently seem cautious and constrained. Harold primarily answers questions from his doctor rather than posing his own. Thus, Alexander is assertive and confident in dealing with professional institution unlike Harold who is reserved. Therefore, children’s ability to deal with professional’s institutions is affected by parenting styles.
As I have indicated previously, middle class, working class and poor families have different styles in childrearing. There are some elements that impact in childrearing. Social capital, cultural capital, habitus and world-life have a significant role in changing of parenting styles in different social classes. Thus, a considerable amount of knowledge is derived from familial networks.
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