Social Changes: Parenting and Work Flexibility Essay

Social Changes: Parenting and Work Flexibility Essay

Length: 1399 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In Reshaping the Work-Family Debate, Joan Williams discusses many different social changes that are necessary for our nation to move forward with gender equality in the workplace. One of Williams’ suggestions is the political and cultural change that would allow for the “missing middle” class to become recognized. She describes the “missing middle” as a broad group that consist of working class people and upper-class middle who don’t like to think of themselves as the poor, working class. However, this is the largest group in America and tends to get skipped over, as the elite, upper class groups are the ones making the policies and the lower class is the class typically being examined by those making the policies. (Williams, 156)
Another social change that has been suggested can be found in Pamela Stone’s Opting Out? Stone suggests that rather than implementing leave policies for women, they implement “stay policies.” This would encourage women to come back to work after spending time with their children rather than quitting or “opting out” of the work force after they leave. These new policies would feature more flexibility in both work time and place. It also would not just be for women, and would allow for more long-term flexibility, where leave policies are very short term. (Stone, 224)
Kathleen Gerson’s The Unfinished Revolution discusses more cultural changes that are necessary for gender in the work place. Many of the young adults she interviewed discussed moving towards new outlooks regarding both work and family, which would allow for gender equality in both the workplace and the home. Many women declared outlooks of self-reliance, as a fallback. Claiming they want to be able to support themselves and not b...


... middle of paper ...


...akers would recognize that the “missing middle” class has a lot of opinions and suggestions that could make the work and family debate a lot easier for all involved.



Works Cited
Gerson, Kathleen. The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011. Print.
Shows, Carla, and Naomi Gerstel. "Fathering, Class, and Gender: A Comparison of Physicians and Emergency Medical Technicians." Gender & Society 23.2 (2008): 161-87. Print.
Stone, Pamela. Opting Out?: Why Women Really Quit Careers and Head Home. Berkeley: University of California, 2007. Print.
Williams, Christine L., Chandra Muller, and Kristine Kilanski. "Gendered Organizations in the New Economy." Gender and Society 26.4 (2012): 549-73. Web.
Williams, Joan. Reshaping the Work-family Debate: Why Men and Class Matter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2012. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Employers' Need for Flexibility & Employees' Work-Life Balance Essay

- The environmental variation now and then shifted the roles of Human Resources vis-à-vis the working patterns in current business world. For example, the growth of female labour in workforce, the organizational changes to new flexible form, the enforcement and further amendment of Employment Act 2002 in flexible working, the arising awareness of work-life balance for working healthy, and so on (McOrmond, 2004; Honeyball, 2008; Redman and Wilkinson, 2009; Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service, 2010)....   [tags: Reconciliation, Factors, Business]

Powerful Essays
2194 words (6.3 pages)

Flexible Work Arrangement Essay

- Employees are increasingly interested in jobs with flexible work schedules. What factors are driving this interest. The impact from changes in economy, technology, social and lifestyle in today’s environments have boosted the awareness of flexible working arrangements in an organisation. Evidence from the previous study indicated that the competitive working environment and increasing workload had caused family and personal life being neglected (Mary & Chris, 1998). Smith (1993) pointed out that working women should have balance between tasks in the office and responsibility to the family especially on safety, health and children needs....   [tags: employees, work schedules, interest]

Powerful Essays
1876 words (5.4 pages)

Essay about No Long Term: New Work and the Corrosion of Character by Richar Sennett

- Richard Sennett, the author of “No Long Term: New Work and The Corrosion of Character”, writes that the “qualities of good work [in the new economy] are not the qualities of good character. Furthermore, he argued that our work affects our character and ultimately, our prospects for personal fulfillment. Satisfaction affects everything from a person’s happiness and family life which may contribute to motivation and play a major role in an individual’s performance and commitment to their work. Sennett’s first example of a person is Enrico....   [tags: our work and personal fulfillment]

Powerful Essays
678 words (1.9 pages)

The Life Course and Social Workers Essay

- “The life course is the progression and path an individual takes from conception to death, and considers that the whole life of the individual presents opportunities for development, change and growth” (Crawford and Walker 2010). Being aware of what life course one’s on and the impact of transitions within a person’s life course is important for social work practice. It is important that social workers reflect on both their own and other’s experiences throughout the life course and support this understanding within the various theoretical frameworks....   [tags: Social Issues, Homosexuality]

Powerful Essays
2680 words (7.7 pages)

Changes in Technology and Changes in the Housing Design Architecture Essay

- According to Bemis (1936) “A new conception of the structure of our modern houses is needed, better adapted not only to the social conditions of our day but also to the modern means of production: factories, machinery, technology and research”. Albert Bemis, US housing manufacturer in the early twentieth century has a vested interest in using technology to advance new concepts in the design of houses. Nevertheless he points to the important relationship of the use of technology in the structural design of housing....   [tags: Technology, Housing Design, architecture, ]

Powerful Essays
4286 words (12.2 pages)

Essay on The Theory and Practice of Spin-Out Management

- ... In external spin-out companies are working independently but in internal spin-out companies are work under the supervision of parent company. By implementing spin-out management increases flexibility. It can decrease harmful aspects of large companies such as structure and weak innovation. In spinout speculation, spinouts are too tight to the parent organization and its not let the spinout to collect the benefits on its own business model and create its own values. He also criticized that the first potential disadvantage for an organization to set-up spinouts is the high risk of failure....   [tags: implementation, flexibility, inernet]

Powerful Essays
1430 words (4.1 pages)

Essay about Counseling Plan for a Dysfunctional Family

- The Baylors “ I just don’t understand why my family just can’t be normal.” This is the quote that Mallorie Baylor continuously plays in her head. Mallorie Baylor is a 16-year old African American female. She currently lives with both her parents in Perach Ridge subdivision, an upper middle class neighborhood, and is a sophomore attending Franklin D. Roosevelt High School. Joseph Baylor, 58, her father, is a prominent 15-year car salesman. He has 10-12 hour workdays and is a functioning alcoholic....   [tags: Psychology, Social Work]

Powerful Essays
2214 words (6.3 pages)

Work Reform Essay

- Work reform, as interpreted by the employer, is a modern concept that has at its core increases in efficiency and effectiveness and a content and stable workforce. Work reforms are a means to an end; the end being increases in efficiency, production, and profits in a volatile global market. Depending on which method is used, the goals are to motivate their workers to gain their compliance. By paying more attention to a workers values, attitudes, and psychological needs, etc. a company can set the foundation for a more militant workforce and perhaps circumvent unionization....   [tags: Business Management ]

Powerful Essays
1487 words (4.2 pages)

Divorce has Major and Long-Lasting Effects on Children Essay

- Although a couple’s marriage vows usually include the phrase “Till death do us part”’, about half of all first marriages in the United States end in divorce {“Divorce” par.1). The United States has the highest rate of divorce in the modern world, it is estimated that 25% of adults in this country between ages 18 and 44 are products of divorce (“Divorce” par. 1). It is not just the couples that are affected by divorce but everyone around them as well. Something must be done now to decrease the poverty and its negative effects on children created by divorce....   [tags: parents, loss of love, lifestyle changes]

Powerful Essays
600 words (1.7 pages)

Social Cognitive Developmental Frameworkd Essay

- ... One promising area of social cognitive development is achievement motivation. While research has been conducted on how human attributes can have consequences on motivation, cognition and behavior, little research has been used to understand how these beliefs and behaviors develop (Gunderson et. al., 2013). Children’s achievement in school depends a great deal on their motivation. The key to motivation in this area is the extent to which intelligence is viewed as static versus malleable (Dweck, 1999)....   [tags: developmental and clinical psychology]

Powerful Essays
2394 words (6.8 pages)