The Social Bond Theory Written By Travis Hirschi Essay

The Social Bond Theory Written By Travis Hirschi Essay

Length: 1619 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The social bond theory written by Travis Hirschi (Belknap, 2007) focuses on what motivates people to obey laws. His theory focuses on four categories of social bonds that prevent delinquency. These categories are attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. These four categories can also be used to explain why young girls become juvenile delinquents. Beginning with attachment, this population of girls (and boys) experience mother-daughter relational problems. Object-relations theory, which was developed by Margaret Mahler (Archer, L., Grascia, A., 2005), emphasizes interpersonal relationships, primarily in the family and especially between mother and child. This theory forms the basis of much thinking about the way people develop their relationships with others. It is a useful tool in understanding the impact that maternal discord has on these young females. Margaret Mahler placed great emphasis on the importance of just “holding” the child, making the child feel secure through physical and psychological holding. This keeps tension and frustration from becoming too great. In theory, many of the young girls who become juvenile delinquents do not have the positive “holding” experience from their biological mothers, who is “the” most important person in their young lives. These girls (and boys) did not feel loved, cared for and protected from a very early age.
​ Commitment is the second category Hirschi emphasizes. He states that when a person is committed to conventional activities such as homework, afterschool sports, attending classes, there is little time to engage in criminal behavior. However, if a child is not modeled these type of values or encouraged to focus on these activities, then how is she (or he) to discrim...


... middle of paper ...


...home and within the justice system, may help explain what drives some of these girls to become repeat offenders and to continue using drugs and alcohol to numb their pain. They seek out the gang as a refuge: a place where they can belong, be protected, and most importantly, be seen fighting back – stronger, and as violently as they have been violated, letting themselves and the world know they will not be victims anymore. We as a society need to quit ignoring the cries for help of these girl offenders and to ask why we have excused victimization. Was it because of convenience or was it so we did not have to deal with it and take responsibility for allowing it. Either way we cannot ignore it anymore. We must acknowledge that the youngest and most innocent of our humanity is being violated and that we are all responsible for it and must take action to stop it.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Travis Hirschi's Social Control Theory: Helpful or False?

- In this essay I will first explain what a Social Control Theory is and how Hirschi developed his theory ‘Social Bond’ from this, I will also discuss further development of his theory with Gottfredson in a ‘General Theory of Crime’. I will then discuss and consider the criticisms of both theories before providing my own conclusion, including why his theory is still relevant in today’s society. Control theories take on a different approach to other previous theories such as….. Most theorists ask ‘why someone commits a crime’ whilst control theories look at why most people chose not to commit crime....   [tags: Social Control Theory, sociology, Travis Hirschi, ]

Strong Essays
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Travis Hirschi´s Elements in the Case Of Susan Fryberg Essay

- By applying the four elements of Hirschi’s Bonding Theory to the Susan Fryberg case, it is clear that her history shows that she never had the opportunity to build the important bonds with society. Fryberg never attained a proper attachment to her parents. Her father left the home when she was very young, and her mother focused most of her attention on her male suitors or prostitution activities. Her mother developed a drinking problem when Fryberg was about nine years old. Fryberg left her home when she was sixteen years old and yet her mother does not report her missing and does not try to search for her....   [tags: Foster Child, Prostitution, Attachment]

Strong Essays
605 words (1.7 pages)

Essay about Travis Hirschi's Control Theory

- Reflecting on Travis Hirschi's Control Theory--How would you apply it to the students (or other population) The way that I can apply the Travis Hirschi's Control Theory to the students at APCH is by conforming with the students at APCH to social norms which depends on a strong bond between the staff at APCH and the students surrounding community to live in today's ride or die society. By applying the Travis Hirschi's Control Theory we have to use the four dimensions to incorporate the success of the Theory....   [tags: Sociology]

Free Essays
378 words (1.1 pages)

The Kemper Case and Travis Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory Essay

- In 2012, there were an estimated 14,827 murders and non-negligent manslaughter crimes reported by all agencies in the United States according to the Uniform Crime Report at the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Murder and non-negligent manslaughter are defined “as the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another.” A 1.1 percent increase occurred from 2011 to 2012. But it should be noted, this is a 9.9 percent drop from the figure for 2008 and a 10.3 percent decrease from the number of murders recorded in 2003....   [tags: Serial, Murder, Killer]

Strong Essays
2547 words (7.3 pages)

Social Control Theory By Eric Hirschi Essay

- Social control theory tries to explain why it is that all of us do not commit crime. Social control theory gained prominence during the 1960s. Travis Hirschi put forth his new theory that was built upon existing concepts of social control. His social control theory declared that ties to school, family, and other aspects of society serve to lessen one 's tendency for deviant behavior. Hirschi believes that because of the bond with co-workers, teachers, friends and family and activities such as education or career goals cause people to have less time to commit crimes....   [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Illegal drug trade, Crime]

Strong Essays
705 words (2 pages)

Essay The Sources of Self-Control

- ... 395). The “peak” of the age-crime curve is 17 years old (Lilly et al., p. 384). Dominant Alternative Explanations to Gottfredson and Hirschi’s Perspective Although Gottfredson and Hirschi’s perspective on self-control and crime causation is one that seems logical, there are still some elements regarding recidivism that are not properly addressed in their theories. One such alternative theory was proposed by Gerald Patterson and his Social Interactional Developmental Model. Patterson echoed similar sentiments of Gottfredson and Hirschi, but did not believe that low levels of self-control are the result of bad parenting, and rejected control theory altogether (Lilly et al., p....   [tags: research by Michael Gottfredson/Travis Hirschi]

Strong Essays
1177 words (3.4 pages)

Social Control and Bond Theories Essay

- According to Hirschi (1969) control theories assumes that all humans as a part of their nature are naturally prone to break the law. According to Cullen and Agnew (2011) control and bond theories state that humans are free to commit crimes if their social ties are weak or broken. Hirschi (1969) stated an interesting premise about human nature when he stated that all human beings are innately selfish and will pursue crime as a means to secure self gratification. According to Hirschi (1969) control theories created a new chapter in criminology, and began to ask “why do some people not commit crime?,” instead of continuing to ask “why do they commit crime?”....   [tags: Hirschi, sociology]

Strong Essays
1715 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory

- In criminology, researchers have constantly tried to explain why people commit crime and engage in juvenile delinquency. Many theories have emerged for over a century about why people commit these deviant behaviors. Macro-level theories focus on social structures and the effects of those structures on the human behavior. Basically, macro-level theories explains aggregate crime. Micro-level theories focuses on individuals and their interactions with various groups of people. For example, the relationship between family members, friends, and groups, that individuals interact with every-day, which explains individual criminal behavior....   [tags: Juvenile Delinquency Essays]

Strong Essays
1191 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Social Bonds and Deviance Goes Against the Norm

- Social Bonds and Deviance Deviance is a term used to describe behavior that goes against the established social and cultural norms. The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places. Essentially, individuals commit deviant behavior when society defines it as such. Within the field of criminology, a number of theories exist that attempt to explain why some people engage in deviant behavior, while others abstain from it. One of these theories is Travis Hirschi’s, social bond theory, which eventually becomes the blueprint for subsequent control theories....   [tags: hirschi, criminology, relationships]

Strong Essays
1999 words (5.7 pages)

Essay about Merging Agnew's General Strain Theory and Hirschi's Social Bond Theory

- The two theories I have decided to merge are Agnew’s General Strain Theory and Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory. I picked General Strain Theory because it does a good job at discussing some of the things that can trigger the release of a person’s negative emotions which in turn may lead to deviant behavior. I also decided to write about Social Bond Theory because it describes some of the factors that keep people from committing crime. Both of the theories have strengths and weaknesses individually, but when merged they help fill in each other’s gaps....   [tags: Sociology ]

Strong Essays
1899 words (5.4 pages)