Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay

Length: 1726 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

According to the DSM 5, social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a chronic and persistent disorder characterized by an intense fear of social situations. Those with SAD often fear that other will judge them for negative traits or evaluate them harshly, preventing them from engaging in social behaviors. This fear may seem disproportionate to the situation faced and sociocultural context involved, but is salient enough to be debilitating and effect daily functioning. ). Many of the afflicted inhibit their behavior to avoid such fearful situations, which will impact their functioning in school, relationships, and later in life, the workplace. The onset of anxiety symptoms often occurs between early childhood to late adolescence, approximately 8 to 15 years old, after a traumatic event or major life change (APA, 2013). Most afflicted with it will not seek or receive proper treatment until adulthood. Fewer than 23% of adolescents that are diagnosed with SAD receive treatment (Tulbure, Szentagotai, Dobrean & David, 2012) and on average most tend to pursue treatment 10 to 15 years after the first onset of symptoms (APA, 2013). Left untreated, those with SAD may develop a dependence on substance to cope with symptoms. The criteria for SAD in the DSM 5 is one of the most common diagnostic tools, but it is possible to misdiagnosis SAD as shyness or to mistake it for another comorbid disorder like depression or generalized anxiety disorder. Children and adolescent also express symptoms differently. For instance, adolescents tend to have more severe symptoms than adults (APA, 2013). To prevent the under or mis-diagnosis of this disorder, it is important to have other assessment tools designed for children and adolescents that are both reliable and va...


... middle of paper ...


...ave a diagnosis. It may be in the best interest of the diagnostician or clinician to use both measures to ensure fewer Type I errors.
Examining these three different types of diagnostic tools for social anxiety, we can conclude that while they are the most reliable and valid, it is still quite possible to let some adolescents who meet criteria slip through the cracks. It may be necessary to use multiple diagnostic tools depending on the severity of symptoms and the potential presence of co-morbid disorders. Many of these diagnostic tools are statistically valid and reliable and hold up to rigorous testing, but it can be difficult to refine tests to ensure that every child who fits a diagnosis will receive it. Therefore, it is important to remind clinicians to use these assessment tools in addition to the DSM 5 and tailor assessment based on the Clinical Interview.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

- Social Anxiety Social Anxiety Disorders is defined as a "marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or possible scrutiny by others (Cuncic)." People who do not believe in this disorder think that it’s "just shyness" that is being pathologized (Cuncic). Just because you may be a little shy or a bit nervous on occasion doesn't mean that you have this condition. Social Anxiety Disorders are psychological problems that are often undiagnosed because people are too afraid to ask for help....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
1177 words (3.4 pages)

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay

- Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) can be described as an extreme, persistent fear of being scrutinized or judged by others in social situations. This fear may lead to feelings of embarrassment, humiliation and self-consciousness. People who suffer from this condition may “feel powerless against their anxiety” (ADAA). These emotions often interfere with daily activities, such as school, work and personal relationships. The person might begin to withdraw socially or avoid situations in which he or she is afraid....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
1309 words (3.7 pages)

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay

- Introduction Social Anxiety Disorder or social phobia, is the third largest mental health care problem in the world. (Stein, 2010) National statistical surveys carried out in 2002 in the United Kingdom suggest that the prevalence rates for social phobias among young people in the UK were around 4%. (National Statistics, 2002) ‘Social phobia is characterised by intense and persistent fear of social situations in which scrutiny and embarrassment could occur’. (Orsillo & Hammond 2001, p.159) The individual with social phobia often feels they are being looked at, studied and critically analysed....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)

Essay The Effects Of Social Anxiety Disorder ( Sad ) And Panic Disorder

- I would like to write my research paper on the causes and effects of social anxiety disorder (SAD) and panic disorder. The reason that I would like to write about this topic in particular is to share some of my personal experiences with these disorders because they have made a huge impact upon my life and the life of my siblings, and I would like to research the topic and maybe gain some insight myself as to what causes them to occur and what effects they have on the brain and the body and why they basically always go hand in hand....   [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Panic disorder, Anxiety disorder]

Powerful Essays
1110 words (3.2 pages)

Treating Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay

- One of the most common disorders in the United States is social anxiety. Adults have a 28% chance to be affected by an anxiety disorder sometime in their life. Most of the people affected do not seek treatment, but those that do often get treated ineffectively. In “Differentiating Emotions Across Contexts: Comparing Adults With and Without Social Anxiety Disorder Using Random, Social Interactions, and Daily Experience Sampling,” the researchers tested a theory to better treat and manage social anxiety....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

- Social Anxiety Disorder (social phobia) is the third largest mental health care problem in the world. Latest government epidemiological data show social phobia affects over 7% of the population at any given time. The lifetime prevalence rate (i.e., the chances of developing social anxiety disorder at any time during the lifespan) stands at above 13%. Definition: Social anxiety is the fear of social situations that involve interaction with other people. Put another way, social anxiety is the fear and anxiety of being judged and evaluated by other people....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
746 words (2.1 pages)

How I Overcame Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) Essay example

- Almost every day throughout high school I experienced something that I could not identify. It was over a year since I had graduated until could put words to emotion. I discovered that I was not free in my own mind. I was in a prison. One that I couldn't touch and for many years I could not see. After several visits to counselors and therapists I finally had the words to describe what my experience was. It had come to the attention of my family that I had some sort of psychological problem and something had to be done....   [tags: personal narrative]

Powerful Essays
1383 words (4 pages)

The Anxiety Of Anxiety Disorders Essay

- According to Sharp (2012), “anxiety disorders are the most widespread causes of distress among individuals seeking treatment from mental health services in the United States” (p359). Along with being the most widespread mental health disorder, women are more likely to be affected by most anxiety disorders than men. Anxiety disorders are often characterized by feelings of worry, uncertainty, anxiety, or fear, which can be so intense, it can interfere with a person’s daily activities. Therefore, it is likely for a person struggling with an anxiety disorder will find themselves unemployed, financially dependent on others and even have poor quality social relationships as well....   [tags: Anxiety, Panic disorder, Social anxiety disorder]

Powerful Essays
1110 words (3.2 pages)

Social Anxiety Disorder Exposed in Stigma, by Erving Goffman Essay

- “It was just one more crack in the stone. Eventually the stone broke down and became gravel, leaving me a nervous wreck” (“David”). An individual with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) possesses extreme fear in regards to social situations. This fear can be so profound that the individual can no longer function to full capacity in their daily life. A large portion of this fear stems from the stigma created by the disorder. In his book, Stigma, Erving Goffman defines it as “an attribute that his deeply discrediting” (Goffman 3)....   [tags: Social Anxiety Essays]

Powerful Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

Social Anxiety And Depression Disorder Essay

- Social Anxiety and Depression Today, many Americans today suffer from either social anxiety disorder (SAD) and/or depression. In general, people who suffer with either one of these disorders actually have both, as social anxiety and depression are closely linked together. Allegedly, if someone has social anxiety disorder or social phobia, and does not receive treatment, they have the tendency to develop depression. There is a major factor between the two disorders. A person suffering with SAD is unlikely to attending social situations out of fear that they will not be liked by others....   [tags: Major depressive disorder]

Powerful Essays
1138 words (3.3 pages)