Social And Ethical Impact Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

Social And Ethical Impact Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

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Introduction

As our world expands through the growing abilities and applications of computers in our everyday lives, it seems that the role of the computer has been reversed. Before we knew that the computer only understood what we programmed it to understand; however, now the majority of our society is learning more from computers than they are able to input into it. Dumm (1986 p.69)

History

"The human aspiration to create intelligent machines has appeared in myth and literature for thousands of years, from stories of Pygmalion to the tales of the Jewish Golem." Anat Treister-Goren, Ph.D. (http://www.a-i.com/)

The concepts of the development of artificial intelligence can be traced as far back as ancient Greece. Even something as small as the abacus has in someway led to the idea of artificial intelligence. However, one of the biggest breakthroughs in the area of AI is when computers were invented.

Many encyclopaedias and other reference works state that the first large-scale automatic digital computer was the Harvard Mark 1, which was developed by Howard H. Aiken (and team) in America between 1939 and 1944. However, in the aftermath of World War II it was discovered that a program controlled computer called the Z3 had been completed in Germany in 1941, which means that the Z3 pre-dated the Harvard Mark I. Prof. Hurst Zuse (http://www.epemag.com/zuse/)

Following shortly after Z3, Britain's Colossus in 1943 and two years later America came up with another system ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)

Years later in 1956 John Von Neumann would develop one of the most influential computers called the JOHNNIAC (John V. Neumann Integrator and Computer). The JOHNNIAC was an early effort at AI prog...


... middle of paper ...


...reliably understand them under all possible circumstances. (http://www.asimovonline.com/asimov_FAQ.html)

Conclusion

As our research into science and technology ever increases its seems inevitable that in the near future Artificial Intelligent machines will exist and become part of our everyday life such as we see with modern computers today.



Bibliography

Asimov, I. (1967) I, Robot, London: Dobson

Boden, M. A. (1990) The Age of Intelligent Machines, Basic Books

Dumm, T. et al (1986) Mind Over Machine, Free Press

Nathanson, M. (1984) Using Artificial Intelligence Systems May be Smartest Way to Trim Costs, Modern Healthcare, Volume 14. Page 138

Oxford English Dictionary (2005). 3rd. ed. Oxford.

Anat Treister-Goren, Ph.D. (http://www.a-i.com/)

Prof. Hurst Zuse (http://www.epemag.com/zuse/)

(http://www.asimovonline.com/asimov_FAQ.html)

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