Smoking Is A Deadly Habit Affecting The Health Of Many Globally Essay

Smoking Is A Deadly Habit Affecting The Health Of Many Globally Essay

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Smoking is a deadly habit affecting the health of many globally, nationally, and locally. There are approximately one billion people who currently smoke tobacco throughout the world (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). Tobacco kills around six million people globally each year. More than five million of those deaths are from direct tobacco use and 600,000 are the result of secondhand smoke (WHO, 2016). Nationally, more than 36.5 million adults currently smoke cigarettes in the United States. Cigarette smoking is the most preventable cause of death, and kills around 480,000 people in the United States annually (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). New Jersey ranks the third highest state in tobacco use in the United States. Over 14.8% of the New Jersey population smokes, that is over 980,000 tobacco smokers (CDC, 2016). Smoking has immense negative health repercussions, reducing life expectancy by at least ten years compared to nonsmokers (CDC, 2016).
Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals, including tars, carcinogens, metals, and other toxins that cause harm. The carcinogens inhaled, are then freely transferred from the lungs to the bloodstream, which may cause various cancers (Peterken, 2014). Additionally, many constitutes of cigarette smoke is absorbed into the saliva and swallowed, which leads to various negative topical effects on the gastric mucosa. This allows us to conclude that smoking has many adverse effects on the stomach, small and large intestine. Smoking then leads to gastric ulcers and inflammatory diseases, increasing the risk of cancer (Cope, 2013). Smoking tobacco can lead to cancer almost anywhere in the body. Cigarettes can lead to cancer in the mouth, throat, esophagus, ...

... middle of paper ... rates have shown to decrease tobacco rates. The World Health Organization states that the most effective approach to controlling the spread of tobacco use is through policies that directly reduce the demand of it. Evidence from countries of all income levels show that price increases on cigarettes are highly effective in reducing demand (WHO, 2016). A 10% increase in price has been estimated to reduce cigarette consumption by 3-5% (CDC, 2016).
These trends show that political interventions such as banning public smoking and increasing the tobacco tax leads to smoking cessation and reduced risks of secondhand smoke. These findings are important to note because it proves that political laws and regulations can have a positive effect in smoking cessation. If this knowledge is used worldwide, the cultural implications may prove to drastically decrease tobacco use.

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