Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals, including tars, carcinogens, metals, and other toxins that cause harm. The carcinogens inhaled, are then freely transferred from the lungs to the bloodstream, which may cause various cancers (Peterken, 2014). Additionally, many constitutes of cigarette smoke is absorbed into the saliva and swallowed, which leads to various negative topical effects on the gastric mucosa. This allows us to conclude that smoking has many adverse effects on the stomach, small and large intestine. Smoking then leads to gastric ulcers and inflammatory diseases, increasing the risk of cancer (Cope, 2013). Smoking tobacco can lead to cancer almost anywhere in the body. Cigarettes can lead to cancer in the mouth, throat, esophagus, ...
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...tax rates have shown to decrease tobacco rates. The World Health Organization states that the most effective approach to controlling the spread of tobacco use is through policies that directly reduce the demand of it. Evidence from countries of all income levels show that price increases on cigarettes are highly effective in reducing demand (WHO, 2016). A 10% increase in price has been estimated to reduce cigarette consumption by 3-5% (CDC, 2016).
These trends show that political interventions such as banning public smoking and increasing the tobacco tax leads to smoking cessation and reduced risks of secondhand smoke. These findings are important to note because it proves that political laws and regulations can have a positive effect in smoking cessation. If this knowledge is used worldwide, the cultural implications may prove to drastically decrease tobacco use.
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