Essay Smallpox Bioterrorism and Emergency Management

Essay Smallpox Bioterrorism and Emergency Management

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Bioterrorism has been on the forefront of consideration since the bombing of the twin towers in New York City, on September 11, 2001. Specifically smallpox a considered biological weapon may be used to cause mass destruction. The last naturally acquired case of smallpox in the world occurred in 1977, consequentially we have stopped vaccination and those under 30 have little immunity to smallpox (Ford, 2003). Initial symptoms include high fever, fatigue, head and backaches, death which may occur in up to 30% of cases and an incubation period in about 12 days (range: 7 to 17 days) following exposure (Ford, 2003). Military regard smallpox as a means for enemies to use an unconventional tactic to gain advantage having been used most likely during the French and Indian Wars (1754-67) by British forces in North America (Ford, 2003). According to the military officials the only remaining stocks of smallpox virus have been stored in World Health Organization (WHO) reference laboratory-the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology (the Vektor Institute), in Norvosibirsk, Russia, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia (CDC, Smallpox Diuseas Overview , 2009, (Ford, 2003). The responsibility of smallpox containment should remain with the WHO, as the consequences may equate into global destruction as a large percentage of population may be at risk from those considering bioterrorism.
Command of a smallpox incident mandates case coordinator set in motion a multi-level government preparedness plan once the incident has epidemiological confirmation. As with emerging infectious diseases, early detection of a terrorist attack and control of its consequences depend on a strong and flexible public heal...


... middle of paper ...


...ers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Ford, S. M. (2003). SMALLPOX: IS THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREPARED? Fort Leavenworth: PharmD., Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science.
IEM. (2011). NIMS/ICS Training and Bioterrorism Executive Tabletop Exercises. Research Triangle Park,: IEM Human Resources Management.









Reference

CDC. (2001). Preparation & Planning for All Bioterrorism; THE PUBLIC HEALTH RESPONSE. Atlanta: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES.
CDC. (2009). Smallpox Diuseas Overview . Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Ford, S. M. (2003). SMALLPOX: IS THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREPARED? Fort Leavenworth: PharmD., Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science.
IEM. (2011). NIMS/ICS Training and Bioterrorism Executive Tabletop Exercises. Research Triangle Park,: IEM Human Resources Management.






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