Slavery And The Slave Trade Essay

Slavery And The Slave Trade Essay

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Slavery is as old as civilization itself, it is an economic system and concept where human beings are deprived of their personal rights and are treated as property for the benefits of their master. Slavery systems had occurred in many civilizations throughout the world but one institution is well known for its global scale and lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade was a period of time during the late 14th to the early 19th century, where more than 12 millions of African slaves were forcibly brought to the Americas to supply the high demand of slave labor in the new world. Although, slavery has existed for a long time in the old world between Africa and Europe via the Mediterranean and among African nations through the sahara trade, most of these periods of time were short and involved smaller numbers of slaves in comparison to the Atlantic slave trade. It has to be highlighted that african slavery in the old world was not racial or skin distinctions between the slaves and their used was exclusively as warriors, miners, and servants and even considered family members while most slaves in the new world were use as property for intense labor for food crops. Europe’s long history of slaves on sugar plantations served later on as a model for the crops developed at the Caribbeans, South America and North America. European imperialist aggression for gold, goods and commerce added a new dimension to the slave trade in the New World and Africa that not only affected these slaves and their descendents but the economies and histories of these three continents.
Commerce and the need for raw materials encouraged the trade of military arms for war captives with African kingdoms. Portugal interest in acquiring raw materials and create n...


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...e of the only fourth regions: west Africa (Cabinda and Luanda 36.5%), the bight Benin (Whydah 20%), the bight Biafra (Bonny and Calabar 16.6%) and the gold coast (Cape castle and Anomabu 11%).” (transatlantic moment p 65). The slave trade effects varied depending the time and the regions from where they came from but the most distinctive effect was on Africa. Most captives from the trade were in their majority young men that due to their endurance and strength on working in the fields become a major target for european trade, there before the demography of Africa’s populations were hardly impacted leaving an uneven sex ratio in Africa that reduce and pause the population growth between the 1600s to 1800s. Sugar plantations produce an gigantic accumulation of capital for european countries, while at the same time mutilate and engage in the historic ruin of Africa.

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