As more states were created out of the westward territory, the question of whether they would enter as free or slave became the most important political topic of the time. The politics of slavery, then, were deeply tied to the politics of manifest destiny. If the United States was going to survive as a nation of states united, it would have to depend upon the spirit of compromise and balance within Congress. In order to maintain a balance, leaders from both the north and south put together a series of compromises that politicians hoped would prevent the issue of slavery from disrupting the political process: The Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854, (Olson-Raymer, 2014).
In 1819, Missouri applied to the Union as a slave state and would tip the balance of power in the Senate where the count of free and slave states was eleven apiece. This debate in the Senate was the nation 's first extended debate on slavery, a resulting compromis...
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...s more than a political problem that divided the north from the south it was also a moral problem that divided the regions and by the early 1800s, strong moral arguments were created for both sides. The Pro-Slavery Rationale which was created by John C. Calhoun, who proclaimed slavery to be a good and positive was both profitable as well as politically and socially sound. "There never has yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did not, in point of fact, live on the labor of the other...I fearlessly assert that the existing relations between the two races in the South forms the most solid and durable foundation upon which to rear free and stable political institutions”, (Olson-Raymer, 2014). In a free labor system, labor is a commodity whose price is determined by the laws of the market - profit, greed, supply and demand.
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